Unit 303: Planning and Allocating work
Before I start my shift or finish my shift, I have a 15 minute change over meeting with the Duty Manager either starting or finishing, about what jobs throughout the day have and haven’t been completed, we also discuss any maintenance work that has taken place, if any. We also discuss who has and hasn’t had they breaks, so we can ensure everyone on shift has there’s at some point. After doing the change over with the other Duty Manager I then review the rig sheet (day sheet) making sure I’m aware of all activities that will take place and all facilities that will be used during the shift. I put a plan together for the best cause of action during the shift to achieve an effective and functional workforce. I then have a meeting with members of staff explaining our objectives/ jobs that we need to achieve during our shift. I feel by having a meeting with the other members of staff, they understand what is expected of them, and are aware of any events or activities taking place on our shift, it also gives them a chance to ask questions if they are unaware of something. Whilst I discuss my objectives for the shift with the members of staff, I ask when it would be a good time for them to take their breaks, so I can make sure there is someone in the department to cover them. I make sure all the change overs are set up on time, by making the plan at the beginning of the shift. This ensures the shift runs as smoothly as possible and I feel by using the SMART system, I make sure that the objectives/jobs given our specific, measurable and can realistically be achieved in an agreed time frame. I also understand the capabilities of my staff members and would never expect them to work beyond their capabilities without any assistance. I’m always willing to help the team with anything they may be unaware of on shift. Specific – Specific to the individual person or to the task, it should be clear and direct. Measurable – The goals need to.
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Planning and allocatingwork 1.1 I am employed as a Maintenance Manager at the Strand Palace Hotel in London. I am responsible for the day to day maintenance of the whole building, also refurbishments of guest rooms and corridors, public areas and back of house areas. I am working with a team of 15 technicians and 4 shift engineers, all with different skills. Every first and last hour of my day will involve planning tasks to be completed, ranging from fixing any breakdowns of machinery to hanging a mirror in the admin office. As we are in the hospitality and leisure industry guest/customer satisfaction is key. We have set organisational targets where our aim to achieve 100%. Company vision “making a stay in central London assessable and enjoyable”. Monthly mystery guest report. In line with the above we have set our own standards, mission statement, checklists and monitoring systems to aid us to achieve great customer satisfaction and 100% in mystery guest reports. Our target would be that the hotel and its facilities are functional, that everything works . a clean and tidy décor and up to date technology and services. The mystery guest report can be said is how we are scored at what we do, so it’s a tool we use on how we do things and how we can get it better. The mission statement of the maintenance department within the hotel is “to keep all facilities, equipment, plant and structural fabric.
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Planning and allocatingwork assignment Employed as a Compliance and Regulatory Affairs Officer at AndersonBrecon I am responsible for actively pursuing the streamlined introduction of new products within project timelines, setting up and maintaining Regulatory files, Preparation of annual Product Quality Reviews and general administrative duties. Task Recently AndersonBrecon UK was contracted to import and release a brand new medical product on behalf of a new client. I was tasked with the responsibility of ensuring that the project is managed and all of the regulatory documents are in place to allow us to release the product by February 2013. To list a few of my responsibilities; Implement new procedures, develop a process flow, write the Technical Agreement, collect Regulatory information and monitor the progress. Organisational Targets The targets are identified and set by the following company statements Vision – To be the preferred partner to healthcare providers and pharmaceutical manufactures Mission – To improve patient’s lives by delivering innovative products and services that drive quality and efficiency in pharmaceutical care. Values – Accountability, collaboration, customer focus, innovation, integrity and passion. These statements are referred to and implemented from the early stages of negotiating and securing the deal, right the way through to releasing the finished product to market. The.
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those displayed. He would commonly use such works as the basis for larger compositions painted in the studio. Cuprien earned a national reputation for his paintings of the iridescent effects of sunlight and moonlight on calm seas. He was a founding member of the Laguna Beach Art Association, serving as president from 1921 to 1922. He bequeathed his entire estate to the LBAA, and the works of art, including these examples, are now part of the museum’s permanent collection. THEODORE SVENNINGSEN RESUME Education: M.F.A. Otis College of Art and Design, Los Angeles, CA M.A. Philosophy, University of California at Los Angeles. Advanced to Doctoral Candidacy: Dissertation, The Concept of Beauty in Art Theory B.A. Philosophy, University of California at Los Angeles Graduated cum laude Exhibitions: 2011 Truth and Self Deception, Offramp Gallery, Pasadena 2010 ArtZone, Offramp Gallery, Pasadena, CA The Judith Hoffberg Memorial Mail Art Exhibition, Armory Center for the Arts, Pasadena, CA 2003 An Exhibition of Anti- Theory Paintings. Transport Gallery, Los Angeles, CA Open Haus, Haus Gallery, Pasadena, CA Electric, Transport Gallery, Los Angeles, CA 2002 XX marks the spot, Laguna Art Museum, Laguna Beach, 2001 The Art Truck, SCAT Projects. Los Angeles, CA Dreams and Reality, The Platt Gallery, Univesity of Judaism, Bel Air, CA An Art Odyssey 2001, Laguna Art Museum, Laguna Beach, CA 2000.
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Planning Scheme of Work – Literacy Level 2 The produced scheme of work is aimed at 16 to 18 year old learners who are enrolled on the “Entry to Employment” (“E2E”) programme. The programme is intended for unemployed young adults to assist them in improving their prospects of employment with training or of entering higher education. The programme is designed to include personal and social skills, vocational skills and Basic and Key Skills. In this context, much learning is intended to embed Basic and Key Skills into other areas of learning and vice-versa Session Content Sessions are based on the Skills for Life Teacher Resource Pack issued by the DfES, which is produced to support National Standards for Adult Literacy. These resources are designed to be based on real life situations, aimed at adults and to cover the Adult Literacy Core Curriculum. Six modules have been used, one at level one and five at level two. I have divided each module over two sessions each lasting for two hours of classroom time. Opportunities to complete tasks beyond the scope of the session are available as all learners have free study periods, which are supported by tutors. Extension activities using spelling and grammar exercises have been included and would also be completed in free study time. I have decided on the sequence of topics based on Reece & Walker (2003, p239) suggesting that easiest topics could be.
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PLANNING Thinking and looking ahead Process of establishing objectives and appropriate courses of action before taking action Why plan? To be: a. EFFECTIVE – being able to realize the objectives - “doing the right thing” b. EFFICIENT – being able to spend the least amount of resources in realizing the objective - “doing things right” TYPES OF PLANS: 1. Strategic Plan - focused on the entire organization - top management formulates the objectives - lower level management formulate the relevant objectives and plans on how to attain them - it predicts the external business environment 2. Tactical Plan - middle level managers plan what to do, how to do it and who will do it - scope is one year or less 3. OPERATING PLAN - provides the specifics as to how the strategic plan shall be attained a. Single use plan – applicable to activities that do not repeat (1) Program – set of activities towards and objective - major undertaking that may take several years to complete - large in scope Ex. Building a new production plant, converting all paper files to digital (2) Budget – provides funds indicating their sources and their corresponding expenditures - anticipated expenses b. Ongoing plan – used for continuing situations, problems and activities that are similar and consistent (1) Policy – guidelines for making decision -.
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M3.20 Planning to work efficiently Reflective Review This activity is concerned with the way that you plan work for your team. You should: * Identify the targets set for your team, including the indicators that will be used to measure these targets * Identify which, if any, of these targets is related to efficiency and/or effectiveness * Use one planning technique to plan a job activity in your workplace and explain how you would monitor the planned job activity. * Explain why the supply chain is so important in delivering results and meeting your customer requirements. Mike Pevitt Bolton College mission statement Bolton College works with a wide range of public and private sector organisations, including the ‘Bolton Family’ of public sector organisations, to meet the education and training needs of Bolton, its geographical, cultural and business communities. The College seeks to contribute to the education and training needs of the region and sub-region and, in relation to some niche markets, it will play a national and international role. We will support social and economic regeneration and contribute to measurable business success and community cohesion through the provision of flexible, innovative and responsive high quality training opportunities, working in partnerships with employers, local communities, key agencies and training providers. We will create a high quality.
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DTLLS: Task 2: Scheme of work and session planning The assignment requires me to explain why scheme of work and session plans are appropriate to the learners and their qualification. As a tutor teaching BTEC Business studies at Stoke on Trent College, my duty is to ensure that I meet the needs of all learners and that they progress with the course well. To achieve this, a scheme of work is drawn for 12 weeks and that will help me to convey lesion plan for each topic on a weekly basis throughout the semester. Scheme of work is used as a guideline to define the structure and content of the course. It also map out how resources like books, equipment, activities and assessments will be used to ensure the learning aim and objective of the course are met successfully. In other ways scheme of work and session planning includes the content of the course, objects or learning outcomes, delivering methods, assignments and resources to be relied on throughout twelve weeks learning process. Scheme of work is important because it he teachers to ensure that they meet the learning outcome of syllabus or programme. In addition to that scheme of work help teachers with session planning . structuring of course and also to inform learners of the stage of learning among others. Therefore, as a BTEC teacher scheme of work and session plan.
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True or False 1. The three primary goals of HRM is to attract an effective workforce, to maintain an effective workforce, and do develop an effective workforce. 2. Having proper personnel issues becomes irrelevant if you have a good idea or the right management trend, such as quality circles or TQM. 3. Personal capital refers to the economic value of the knowledge, experience, skills, and capabilities of employees. 4. Human resources information system is an integrated computer system designed to provide data and information used in HR planning and decision making. 5. Contingent workers are people who work for an organization, but not on a permanent or full-time basis. 6. Telecommuting means using computers and telephones at the office. 7. The first three steps involved in attracting an effective work force are HR planning . choosing recruiting sources, and selecting the candidate. 8. With the matching model, human resource specialists exploit the newly hired employees. 9. Job design is a systematic process of gathering and interpreting information about the essential duties. 10. Orientation is the process of determining the skills, abilities, and other attributes a person needs to perform a particular job. 11. One of the fastest-growing approaches to recruiting today is the use of the Internet. 12. Validity is the.
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Published: 23rd March, 2015 Last Edited: 23rd March, 2015
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A market can be defined as a place where the forces of demand and supply operate or where buyers and sellers can interact -directly or indirectly- to trade goods and services. This therefore means that marketing is the process of identifying, anticipating and satisfying consumer requirements effectively and profitably. The concept of marketing is basically to make profit by satisfying consumers in a particular location. In conclusion, the idea of a market and the concept of marketing can be utilized as the economic system of a country/state.
Economic Systems can be defined as a refereed journal for the analysis of causes and consequences of the significant institutional variety prevailing among all developed, developing, emerging, and transition economies (N.D)
"What to produce" simply talks about the goods and services a seller can provide to consumers in order to make profit. This economic problem always brings about opportunity cost
"How to produce" is another economic problem that must addressed before an economic system can function. The question of how to produce is all about the methods with which an economic system would produce its goods. Like the issue of what to produce, how to produce is addressed either by the government, the private individuals or both. If the government determines how to produce then the question of how to produce will be answered by utilizing a labour-intensive method of production so as to increase employment opportunities for their citizens. In the case of where private individuals determine how to produce, then this question will be answered using a capital-intensive method of production. This is because the motive of private individuals allocating resources is to make profit. Therefore the total cost of producing their goods must be as minimal as possible so as to maximize profit and employing a capital-intensive method of production will prove cost-effective. Unlike the labour-intensive method of production, the capital-intensive method does not offer as much employment opportunities since the majority of the production process are done by machines. For example, in the United States, majority of the country's resources are allocated by the private individuals and because it is cheaper to employ a capital-intensive method of production, private individuals will use it. This therefore leaves a lot of human labour unemployed and as a result, creates a huge gap between the rich and the poor.The third question to be answered -which is quite simple once the first two questions have been answered- is the question of "who to produce for". By now, the fact that there are three different types of economic systems- should be crystal clear. In the economic system where the government allocates resources, they produce for the general population. They standardize their products so as to generate a sense of equality among the citizens. In the market economy, the producers
These economic problems are generated as a result of limited resources whereas human wants for these resources are unlimited. Other functions are; to stimulate economic growth and to attain as much G.D.P as possible. Therefore, every country would try to employ an effective system which will result in efficient resource allocation to solve the issue of scarcity. Although no economic system can be considered perfect, how efficiently a country can employ an economic system -In terms of allocating its resources- is what determines how successful a country can be in the global market. Although, there are three types of economic systems, in the modern-day world, a lot of countries would prefer to employ an economic system that involves a lot of marketing.
A market economy can be defined as an economy in which the allocation of resources is determined only by their supply and the demand for them. Secondly, it can be defined as an economic system in which economic decisions and the pricing of goods and services are guided solely by the aggregate interactions of a country's citizens and businesses and there is little government intervention or central planning. To conclude, the market economic system is basically a system whereby private individuals take up the responsibility of allocating resources to the public and relies chiefly on market forces to determine prices. Countries practicing the market economic system tend to assume that the forces of demand and supply are the main determinants of what is right for a nation's well-being. They
Market Oriented-- First of all and most clearly indicated by the name, the market economic system is "market oriented". Since the responsibility of resource allocation falls on private individuals, the private individuals would want to utilize the resources available to them to make profit. But before they can make profit they must satisfy consumers by meeting the consumer's requirements and ward off competition of other products in the same industry.
Private Property--Most goods and services are privately-owned. This allows the owners to make legally binding contracts to buy, sell, lease or rent their property. In other words, their property gives them the right to profit from ownership. However, there are exclusions to what is considered private property. For example, since 1865 the U.S. does not allow you to buy and sell other people, or even yourself. This includes your own body or body parts. (Source: University of Auburn, Market Economy)
Freedom of Choice-- Both producers and consumers are free to produce, sell and purchase goods and services in a free market. The only limitations are the price they are willing to buy the product or sell the product and the amount of income or capital they have available to them.
Motive of Self-interest-- As said earlier, the concept/motive of a market is for the consumer to be satisfied and for the producer to make profit. Therefore producers try to sell their goods or services to the highest paying consumers
Competition with substitute products-- The forces of competitive pressure keeps prices unstable but moderate, and ensures that goods and services are provided most efficiently. For example, if demand increases for a particular item, prices rise due to the law of demand which states that an increase in demand for a commodity would subsequently lead to an increase in price of that commodity. Once producers/competitors sense additional profit to be made, they start production and increase their supply. This lowers prices to a level where only the best producers remain. This force of competitive pressure also applies to workers, who are competing with each other for the highest-paying jobs. It also applies to consumers in a way, because they are competing for the best products at the lowest price.
System of Markets and Prices-- A market economy can only function in an efficient market. In an efficient market, all buyers and sellers have equal access, and equal information to make their decisions. Prices rise and fall freely depending purely on the laws of supply and demand. For example, the increase in demand for umbrellas due to a recent change in weather will lead to an increase in supply and a subsequent increase in its price but consumers still have to buy because of the weather. Once the weather changes, consumers cease to buy umbrellas and before long, the price of the same umbrellas would reduce by almost half its original price. This can lead producers to allocate their resources elsewhere.
Limited Government-- The role of government is simply to ensure that the markets are open and working. For example, it is in charge of national defence so no other country can destroy the markets. It also makes sure that everyone does have equal access to the markets. For example, government exerts penalties on monopolies, which unfairly restrict competition. The government watches to make sure no one is unfairly manipulating those markets, and that all information is distributed equally. (Source: National Council on Economic Education).
With the number of features the market economic system possesses, it is inevitable that a country finds itself in different types of market situations. These market situations possess distinctive characteristics which have a very huge part to play when allocating resources in a market economy. Basically there are five market situations a market economy can go through, but only four can actually be experienced in a market economy as the fifth one is unattainable but it shall be explained along with the other four. So the five different types of market situations are going to be examined in the following paragraphs.
Perfect Competition- the first type that will be examined is the perfect competition. Perfect competition is a market situation characterized by many different buyers and sellers. In a theoretical definition of perfect competition, there are an infinite number of buyers and sellers. With so many players, it is impossible for any one participant to alter/shift the general price in the market. If attempted, buyers and sellers have an infinite number of alternatives to pursue.
The above graph shows the relationship between price and quantity as a result of changes in demand and supply in an industry where perfect competition is taking place. The graph also shows the relationship between changes in price and quantity supplied in a firm undergoing perfect competition. According to the graph, a firm undergoing perfect competition will -In the long run- allocatively and productively be efficient at points "A", "P2=MC" and "AC=MC". The perfect competition seems like the only type of market situation where allocation of resources can be done perfectly. This is why it is the only type of market situation that can never be attained. As a result, a market economic system undergoing perfect competition does not exist so no examples can be given under this. A commonly asked question is "why is it impossible for perfect competitions to exist?" It is impossible for it to exist because resources are limited, human wants/needs are unlimited and because resources are limited, it is only logical that only a limited number of firms can utilize these limited resources. A market system undergoing perfect competition requires the economy to possess and accommodate an infinite number of buyers and sellers which cannot be possible if the resources are limited. In conclusion, a market system undergoing perfect competition can never be attained and as a result, perfect allocation of resources can never be attained.
Monopoly- This is- In many ways -the opposite form of market situation to the perfect competition. In a pure monopoly, there is only one producer of a particular good or service, and generally no other substitute. Simply put, the producer in a monopoly represents the entire industry because he is the only supplier of that product. In such a market system, the monopolist is free to charge whatever price they wish due to the absence of competition. Although the monopolist is the only supplier of that product, that doesn't guarantee the producer will experience abnormal profit because the overall revenue will be limited by the ability or willingness of customers to pay their price. A very good example of a monopoly is that of Monsanto and that of the American herbal market. Monsanto is a publicly traded American multinational agricultural biotechnology corporation. It is a leading producer of the herbicide glyphosate, which it markets under the Roundup brand as the only major brand in this market.
The above graph shows a monopolistic company's relationship between its cost & revenue and its output. The laws of demand are still applied in monopoly but only to a certain extent. The price of the product can rise and the quantity demanded will reduce. But the quantity demanded is not reducing because there are substitutes; instead it is reducing because some are not willing to pay such a high price for the product while others must still buy the product at the high price because they don't have a choice. This advantage can play into the producers' hands as they can over-price their products knowing fully well those consumers would still have to buy since there are no substitutes especially when the good is a necessary one such as petrol. This scenario is simply caused by improper resource allocation since all the available resources required for the production of this commodity belongs to only one individual and can lead to market failure as a result but only in the long run.
Oligopoly- Although very similar to monopoly, the difference between oligopoly and monopoly is that rather than having only one producer of a good or service, there are a handful of producers that make up a dominant majority of the production in the market system. While oligopolists do not have the same pricing power as monopolists, it is possible that -without proper government regulation- oligopolists will connive with one another to set prices in the same way a monopolist would. For example; in Canada, six companies (Royal Bank of Canada, Toronto Dominion Bank, Bank of Nova Scotia, Bank of Montreal, Canadian Imperial Bank of Commerce and National Bank of Canada) control the banking industry. There is every tendency that resources will be allocated unevenly due to the government's inability to take regulatory measures.
According to the graph above, the firm in question can actually undergo some sort of competition. However, competition here is quite minimal. This is due to the fact that the companies can easily come together and set a price that will be favourable enough to cover all their costs and make serious profit.
Monopsony-Market situations are not only differentiated according to the number of suppliers in the market. They may also be differentiated according to the number of buyers. Whereas a perfectly competitive market has an infinite number of buyers and sellers, a monopsony has only one buyer for a particular good or service, giving that buyer significant power in determining the price of the products produced. An example of this can be Apple. Apple has -in most ways- become a monopsony in that it can command specifications to suppliers of electronic components. Another example is Wal-Mart. In the US, journalists have made a case that Wal-Mart is a monopsony, setting specifications and requirements to suppliers and at the same time also acting as a monopolist to consumers - at least in some market sections.
Monopolistic Competition--Monopolistic competition is a type of market situation combining elements of a monopoly and perfect competition. Like a perfectly competitive market situation, there are numerous competitors in the market. The difference is that each competitor is sufficiently differentiated from the others that some can charge greater prices than a perfectly competitive firm. An example of monopolistic competition is the market for music. While there are many artists, each artist is different and is not perfectly substitutable with another artist.
From the characteristics and different market situations mentioned above, it is quite clear that the market economic system has some advantages over the other two economic systems. But it is even clearer that it has its disadvantages when compared to the other two economic systems. In some cases, these disadvantages can be overlooked but doing this ultimately leads to market failure in the long run. But before the disadvantages can seem clear, the advantages of the market economic system must first be examined.
Presence of competition- First and foremost, there is serious competition amongst producers. The presence of competition is what the market economic system strives on. Why this is so is because private individuals allocate resources in this economy. Now the only reason why a private individual would want to get involved in resource allocation is so as to make profit from utilizing these resources. Under normal circumstances, a producer can only make profit when his product is doing well in the market. The producer's product can only do well in the market if consumers prefer to buy his product rather than its homogenous competitors. Now to ensure that the producer is able to attract consumers, they have to go the extra mile to convince consumers that their product is better than their competitors. This can result in companies generating new techniques and innovations so as to capture their target market. Since all companies in a particular industry are vying to attract and satisfy the same consumers, a lot of firms focus on quality of the product rather than quantity because of the competitive nature of the market.
Consumer & producer sovereignty- As mentioned earlier, the producer's motive in this system is to make profit by satisfying consumers. This therefore gives consumers the freedom to purchase whatever good they wish to purchase because it is believed -in this system- that the forces of demand and supply are the main determinants of what is right for a nation's well-being - even in the case of cigarettes. Although, the consumers have the freedom to purchase whatever good they wish to purchase, they are not the only ones who enjoy this freedom. The producers have just as much freedom as consumers to produce whatever they wish to produce since the resources they are allocating belong to them.
Political freedom- Milton Friedman- an American economist, statistician, and author - stated that the economic freedom of capitalism is a requisite of political freedom. This simply means that if a country wants to get the best out of this system, government intervention must be very minimal in terms of setting boundaries on what to produce and how much to produce. Once this is done, producers have the license and power to express themselves due to this freedom. However, this seems to be the only advantage the government would not want producers to make use of because it has a tendency of diminishing the power of political leaders.
Cost-effective resource allocation- According to Adam Smith, he concluded that the 'invisible hand of the market' is responsible for resource allocation in a market system. Capitalism ensures that resources are allocated according to consumer choice. No firm is rewarded for producing goods that people don't desire so once a product is not doing well in the market, the resources used to make that product are quickly re-allocated.
Economic growth- Although it seems hard to believe, the capitalist economic system actually stimulates economic growth when measured by G.D.P, resource utilization or standard of living. Adam smith suggested that a free market should control production, price and resource allocation because it will stimulate economic growth. It seemed outrageous at the time but statistics show that the increase in global G.D.P overtime is as a result of countries using the modern-day capitalist system. For example:
Now according to the graph above, China did not start employing of the market economic system until 1980. At this point in time their G.D.P- although one of the highest in the world -was far below the 2000 mark. As soon as this system was brought in, a steep increase in the G.D.P commenced. By 2005 China's G.D.P boasted a huge 18232.1 billion (8.859 trillion) which was the highest G.D.P in the world at the time.
Everything that has its advantages must have its disadvantages and the market economic system is no different. Yes, the market economic system will guarantee economic growth, healthy competition and consumer sovereignty. But what are the side effects? Why do governments think twice before implementing such a system? Why can't it be considered the "perfect" economic system since it allocates resources cost effectively? The next few paragraphs would answer that.
Social inequality- The common capitalist mantra that "anyone can be rich if they work hard enough" is a fallacy. There's only so much room at the top. In order to make money, first you have to take it from someone else. This can be done through selling things, taxation or any other means. But this means that the rich cannot exist without the poor. Any way you look at it, there's never going to be equality under capitalism.
Consumer & worker exploitation- We wouldn't stand for dictatorship in our governments, so why do we stand for it in the workplace? CEOs get paid massive salaries, and award themselves huge bonuses on top of them, while they pay their workers minimum wage. The bosses don't do the work, they don't produce the goods we consume, and they merely own the means of production. As for those who do? The workers don't have any say in how it is controlled.
War- Many of the wars fought in recent years have been over profit. In Iraq, the war was largely funded by oil barons, and it was private firms who handled most of the security after the initial invasion. In Libya, western forces intervened when the civil war caused oil supplies to be cut off. They only sided with the rebels because they thought they were the most likely to win. In Iran, military intervention is being threatened over the blocking of trading routes to transport oil.
Waste- In a society where resources are not evenly distributed, there is always going to be the wealthy who have an excess of resources. While occasionally these resources are given to the poor, often this excess is wasted. Millions of dollars' worth of food is wasted by those who have more than they need, while there are many others who desperately need it.
Ignorance of basic social needs- There are many basic social sectors like literacy, poverty, public health, water supply, social welfare and social security. As the profit margin in these sectors is low, capitalists will not invest. Hence most of these vital human issues will be ignored in a capitalist system.
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