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The Success of the New Deal Essay - Papers

The Success of the New Deal Essay

The Success of the New Deal

In 1932 the citizens of the USA were eager to see Herbert Hoover out
of office. From the start of The Wall Street crash (1929), President
Hoover had done next to nothing to try and counter the Depression
following. He and the republicans argued that Economy went in cycles
of "bust" and "boom". He kept insisting, "Prosperity is just around
the corner." This gave the Democratic Party, led by Franklin Delano
Roosevelt, a great chance to attack the Republicans and their

"I pledge you, I pledge myself, to a New Deal for the American
-An extract from Roosevelt's pre-election speech in 1932.

Roosevelt promised. from his speeches, a new deal for the American
people. It was clear that F.D.R planned to use the power of the US
government to attempt to pull America out of depression and back into
prosperity. His main aims were as follows:

§ -Getting Americans working again (cutting down on unemployment!)

§ -Protecting American's savings and property

§ -Providing relief for the sick, old and unemployed

§ -Getting American industry and agriculture running again (and doing

The best way to assess the New Deal is to analyse how well it had
achieved what it had been set out to do.

F.D.R had set one of his goals, for the New Deal, as ending
unemployment and getting Americans back to work. In 1933,
approximately ¼ of the labour force were out of work. Hoover did
nothing (introduced no dole - unemployment benefit!!). By 1940,
unemployment had fallen 10%, but mostly due to war in Europe - still 6
million unemployed, but F.D.R had taken action already in the form of

. middle of paper.

. uld have if Herbert Hoover were president re-elect.
Roosevelt took action from day one of office - a very sincere attempt
to drag America back into prosperous times! It did not do as well as
it was hoped to do, but it certainly was not a failure. The most
important thing was that it stopped the problems and the situation
Hoover left behind, from getting worse. Some aspects were successes;
others were as well, but not as well as they had been intended to do.
Franklin Delano Roosevelt certainly did a good job of "holding
ground." When the war broke out, America had found its ticket back to
prosperity (even if it was not because of F.D.R himself), but if F.D.R
had not stopped the situation from becoming worse, America may not
have been in a position to join the war (with comfort and confidence),
let alone prosper from it!

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Assessment of the Success of the New Deal Essay - Assessment of the Success of the New Deal FDR introduced the New Deal to help the people most affected by the depression of October 1929. The Wall Street Crash of October 24th 1929 in America signalled the start of the depression in which America would fall into serious economic depression. The depression started because some people lost confidence in the fact that their share prices would continue to rise forever, they sold their shares which started a mass panic in which many shares were sold. [tags: Papers]

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Discussion of the Success of the New Deal Essay - Discussion of the Success of the New Deal Source A is part of a speech by Franklin D. Roosevelt during his campaign for the Presidency of America in 1932. Back then America, which had previously enjoyed an economic boom of prosperity, was gripped in the devastating Depression, a collapse of the economy. The President at the time, Herbert Hoover, was a Republican, and Republicans believed in a 'laissez-faire' policy. This meant that the Republicans would not interfere in industry or business, as he believed that non-interference brought prosperity. [tags: Papers]

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Evaluating the Success of the New Deal Essay - Evaluating the Success of the New Deal After The Great Depression America elected Roosevelt to be the President hoping he would get them away from the Depression which was effecting nearly everyone at the time. Roosevelt did get them away from the Depression he made the alphabet agencies, these were Relief, Recovery and Reform agencies helping America. During the New Deal unemployment fell from 25% to 14%, Roosevelt gave the average American Hope however not everything was perfect. [tags: Papers]

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Assessment of the Success of the New Deal Essay - Assessment of the Success of the New Deal Source Based 1. The people of the 1932 election supported Franklin Delano Roosevelt as he offered them a new deal. This new deal was supposed to “Win the crusade to restore America.” The way he says this in his political campaign for the election (manifesto), shows that he feel that this is more than a simple task of restoring America, he believes it to be more of a religious event. He also compares the depression to war “It is a call to arms.” He does this to add tension to the situation by saying that this is nearly as bad as war. [tags: Papers]

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Essay about The Success of the New Deal - The Success of the New Deal Was the New Deal a success. The new deal was a success felt by many Americans, there was prosperity and for the first time hope for a better future. There were a lot of successes in the new deal, unemployment being one of the biggest, was brought down from nearly 13 million to just under 8 million. Millions of long-term jobs were created using alphabet agencies. For the first time in American history a welfare state was introduced, millions of people received relief, often food, shelter and clothing. [tags: Papers]

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The Success of the New Deal Essay - The Success of the New Deal In 1932 the citizens of the USA were eager to see Herbert Hoover out of office. From the start of The Wall Street crash (1929), President Hoover had done next to nothing to try and counter the Depression following. He and the republicans argued that Economy went in cycles of "bust" and "boom". He kept insisting, "Prosperity is just around the corner." This gave the Democratic Party, led by Franklin Delano Roosevelt, a great chance to attack the Republicans and their policies. [tags: Papers]

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Success of the New Deal Essays - Success of the New Deal During 1929 many people invested in the stock market, this led to the stock becoming less and less valuable, this eventually led to the Wall Street Crash. The current Republican President, Herbert Clark Hoover was not seen to be doing enough so he was succeeded By President Franklin Delano Roosevelt' (FDR). who would end the depression with his 'New Deal'. Roosevelt holds the unique distinction of being elected four times by the people of America. Roosevelt's place in American history has been fixed due to the New Deal but also because he rose to the highest position in Americadespite having a crippling cardiovascular illness. [tags: Papers]

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The Success of the New Deal in Solving the Problems Caused by the Great Depression - The Success of the New Deal in Solving the Problems Caused by the Great Depression Introduction- In the late 1920’s and early 1930’s the whole of America was in a deep depression and was in desperate need of help. When Franklin D Roosevelt was elected president of USA he came up with the plan of “the new deal” this was a planned guideline to regenerate money and the high standards of living the Americans once had not so long ago. He introduced 5 major organisations to restructure the American way of life they were now facing; these were the F.E.R.A, C.C.C, A.A.A, T.V.A and the N.R.A. [tags: Papers]

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FDR: New Deal Essay - Franklin Delanor Roosevelt (FDR) is responsible for creating and establishing the New Deal which saved the United States after the Great Depression. The New Deal was important because the United States was in a major financial hole and had to get itself out. After the stock market crashed in 1929 there were millions of people who were struggling just to get something to eat and have a roof to sleep under. The program that FDR created made it possible for the U.S. to get up and dust itself off. It created jobs and many organizations that were responsible for a lot of the public works and state department organizations that we still use today. [tags: American History, New Deal, Franklin Roosevelt]

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Essay on New Deal - The New Deal has become famous for creating an "alphabet soup" of government agencies that were referred to by their initials. These agencies worked to accomplish the three main goals of the New Deal: to relieve those suffering from the effects of the Great Depression, recover the depressed the economy, and reform the society so such a crisis would be avoided in the future. Though not all of these agencies proved to be successful, some helped to shape America. The Federal Deposit Insurance Cooperation, proving to be the most effective, provided America with the courage it had lacked since the day of the stock market crash, the courage to trust the banking systems and reinvest their money, bu. [tags: US American History New Deal]

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Was the new deal a success or failure essay

Was the new deal a success or failure essay

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How successful was the New Deal?

Discuss Whether Franklin Roosevelts New Deal Was Successful History Essay

Discuss Whether Franklin Roosevelts New Deal Was Successful History Essay

Published: 23rd March, 2015 Last Edited: 23rd March, 2015

This essay has been submitted by a student. This is not an example of the work written by our professional essay writers.

The following investigation will discuss whether Franklin Roosevelt's New Deal was a success and whether it was the primary reason that the United States recovered from the Great Depression. This will talk in depth about the key ideas and goals of Roosevelt's New Deal. It will describe some of the programs administered during the Roosevelt administration and evaluate their successes and failures. From there, an evaluation of various opinions through different sources from books and internet websites will be used in order to draw a final conclusion over this investigation.

At the very depth of depression, a new president and a new administration came to power. President Franklin Delano Roosevelt tackled the job of recovery and realized that drastic measures had to be used to bring the faltering economy back to something approaching normal. These measures would create permanent and basic changes in the traditional relationship between government and the economy. [1 ]

The most significant of the programs made during the depression was the ambitious attempt to fashion and engineer the passage of legislation that would substitute industrial economy and at the same time institute a federal public works program that would repair and improve the nation's existing physical infrastructure, create thousands of long term jobs, stimulate local economies, develop hydropower and irrigation projects to enhance growth and economic health of entire regions, and generate general industrial recovery by creating markets for iron, steel, concrete, and other products. [2 ]

This program was called the National Industrial Recovery Act. Congress established the National Recovery Administration (NRA) to help revive industry and labor through rational planning. The idea behind the NRA was simple: representatives of business, labor, and government would establish codes of fair practices that would set prices, production levels, minimum wages, and maximum hours within each industry. [3 ]

By the end of the NRA's first year, more than 550 codes had been developed and many businesses had signed up, but the success was illusory. Jealousies, disagreements, and plain recalcitrance on the part of many industries and businesses made the code system virtually unworkable. Moreover, the economy did not recover noticeably because unemployment was still high. The National Recovery Administration ultimately would be dismantled, but even in its failure, it had established a new relationship between governments and business and government and labor.2

Another program, called the Public Works Administration spent over $6 billion, but did not succeed in returning the level of industrial activity to pre-depression levels. Nor did it significantly reduce the unemployment level or help jump-start a widespread creation of small businesses. FDR, personally opposed to deficit spending, refused the spend the sums necessary to accomplish these goals. Nonetheless, the historical legacy of the PWA is perhaps as important as its practical accomplishments at the time. It provided the federal government with its first systematic network for the distribution of funds to localities, ensured that conservation would remain an element in the national discussion, and provided federal administrators with a broad amount of badly needed experience in public policy planning. [4 ]

Roosevelt's administration, however, had no "master" plan. It confronted a crisis and was determined to do something about it. Most of the New Deal programs were improvisional in character. Many were frank experiments that revealed serious flaws and contradictions. Points of strength and weaknesses in the New Deal programs, their success or failure, grew clearer as time passed. The New Deal, though it did much to alleviate some of the more desperate effects of the collapse, was not bringing recovery. Relief programs prevented starvation and helped many of the nation's poor and unemployed survive, and the huge public works projects helped to reduce unemployment, but recovery eluded the nation.1 [5 ]

Under the New Deal, the capital replaced Wall Street and government had become the largest enterprise in the country.1 Despite all of the New Deal programs and legislation complete recovery continued to elude that nation's leaders. Although definite progress had been made, it was painfully slow. The New Deal was not the decisive factor in bringing an end to the depression. Certainly the New Deal had alleviated some of the worst suffering of the depression. Jobs were provided for millions, and relief programs aided millions more.1

Part C: Evaluation of Sources:

After the Crash: America in the Great Depression was written by John Rublowsky who is the author of several other books. This book mainly deals with topics after the stock market crash and later discuss in the last few chapters about the New Deal and the country's recovery. The books value is that it clearly depicts American life after the depression had hit, and gives a thorough evaluation of the after events of the crash and of the New Deal. Its limitation is that it does not thoroughly discuss the events that led up to the depression, but only briefly mentions it the Prelude of the book.

The next book being used for this assessment is the Great Depression: America in the 1930s. T.H Watkins wrote this book in the 1960s. The value of this book is that it offers a political, economic, and cultural account of the Great Depression. It discusses thoroughly of the many federal reforms during this time. Another value of this book is that it is a very reliable source. The author who wrote it has won several achievements for his writing. A limitation would be that although it covers many topics, it might not describe each topic with equal thoroughness.

Part D: Analysis:

Many argue whether or not the New Deal was fully successful in its goals. Although the various programs made during this time did prevent many from starving and did aid the people, they were still unable to get America fully out of the Depression. By 1937, a deep recession struck America, even with the many aid programs set by the Roosevelt administration. By 1939, there were still 8 million Americans without jobs. It was not until about 1941, that unemployment had ended, which many people believe to be the effect of the war rather than the New Deal.

When Roosevelt became president in 1932, he knew that drastic measures needed to be taken in order for America to prosper again. The historic First 100 Days brought with it many new programs and legislations that were being passed by congress. The goal for these waves of programs was primarily relief. The relief programs were successful in preventing more starvation and aiding the unemployed, but it was not enough to fully stop the effects of the Depression. A reason for this could be that most of the programs administered during this time were for the most part experiments that had many flaws.

The agricultural program, for example, was based on an economics of scarcity in which artificially created shortages brought about through drastic cuts in production would be used to raise prices of agricultural products.1 [6 ] This was considered an ironic program because many people could not even afford food and raising the prices would only hinder the people. Other programs such as the NRA began successfully, but never fully succeeded and ended. The legacy that the NRA left was that it helped establish the relationship between government and business/labor. However, the NRA failed like many other programs to drastically change the American economy as businesses continually disagreed with each other and were determined to run their companies as they pleased.

Perhaps some of the more successful programs were the Civil Works Administration and the Public Works Administration. Although the C.W.A ended in 1943, it established the idea that any type of work was better than immediate relief money given by the F.E.R.A. During this time, the people were embarrassed to be given relief money without having worked for it and this often caused resentment and bitterness to some of the programs created during this time. The C.W.A allowed people to work for their money, even though some of the work may have been insignificant. The C.W.A set the model for other relief programs such as the W.P.A who helped employ people of any occupation.

Another relief effort was the P.W.A, which took a different approach than the other programs. The P.W.A was designed to stimulate industry through public works projects that would require huge quantities of material.1 [7 ] The P.W.A provided many jobs to the unemployed, but also helped better the country by building hospitals, sewage systems, water supply works, schools etc. During the six effective years of its life, P.W.A would finance a total of 34,508 projects at a cost of a little more than $6 billion, employing in any given year half a million workers or more.2 [8 ]

Although there were many successes in the programs made during this time, its main objectives such as stimulating the industry failed. Industrial production and employment did rise, but soon again they would fall.

There was many opposition by the government interference, particularly from business and labor. Many claimed that government interference hurt business more than it helped them. They felt that the uncertainty of business was due to the businesses not knowing what action the government would take next. Others, such as labor, felt that the programs administered were not effective because there were still millions in the country unemployed by 1935.

Despite the many oppositions to the New Deal, one thing is very clear. The New Deal although not fully successful in its goals brought with it change to the government. Government now assumed an increasingly important role in all aspects of the social and economic life of the nation.1 [9 ] The New Deal brought change to the idea of taxation. Instead of being used as a way of finance, it was changed to distributing wealth equally among the people. The government had began to enforce laws and operation rules on banks and the stock market and had made large social changes such as the Social Security Act, that secured those who were too old to work effectively. Because of the New Deal, the government replaced Wall Street as the nerve center of the nation. Government had become the largest enterprise in the country.1

Part E- Conclusion:

There are many opinions as to whether the New Deal was successful in ending the depression. Some believe that although the New Deal did give America various forms of relief, in the end it was shorter lived than long term. Many critics to the New Deal say that even though the New Deal was not the key factor in ending the depression, it forever changed the relationship between the people and the government and between government and business. Towards the late 1930's, America had made some progress towards relief, but it was brutally slow. In the end, it was America's entrance into WWII that fully brought American businesses and the stock market back into action.

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