There is a difference between a hub and a switch.
A hub is a connector or repeater. A network hub is a device that is used to connect more than one computer on a network.
A hub has been in market for long time and is used to connect all nodes or computers on a network to a central location and each node has a unique address called a MAC address. It is called as repeater because when a packet of data is sent through the hub; it is repeated to each computer on the network. For example if there are two computers connected through a hub and I send a picture or file to one computer, this picture or file will be sent to all of the other computers that are connected though a hub.
A network hub is considered as the outdated. The reason that network hub is outdated or obsolete are
1. Availability of low-priced network switches
2. Network bandwidth is consumed as each and every segment is sent to all devices on a network
3. It makes the network extremely slow.
Now a network switch is used which is a specialized device that connects multiple network segments. It is considered as efficient form of the network hub. A switch based network does not send all data (a file, picture or other information) to every device on the network. It will first analyze the MAC address and determine where to send the data. The other devices will no know about this data.
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1 hour drive too long to commute?
I'm applying for colleges this year and most of the colleges I'm probably applying to are ranging from a 50 minute drive to a 1 and a half hour drive.
My parents are planning on getting me a car so I can drive there everyday.
But I'm really not looking forward to it because I've always pictured my college experience to be myself living in a dorm meeting new people like that, not still living at home driving an hour to and from school..
My parents say that living in a dorm is expensive, so they'd rather just buy me a car for myself and have me drive to school everyday. Only I'm not sure if I'm willing to do that.
My dad says I should be okay because he has to drive two hours to and from work everyday. But honestly I'm not looking forward to having to leave the house at 5:30am every morning, then drive back later. I know I'm probably being selfish, because my parents say that if I do that, it'll save A LOT of money to commute. But I just don't think I'm going to enjoy my college life like that. (Please don't lecture me on how college is just about education, because I already know.)
But have any of you commuted when you lived about that far away?
Is an hour drive one way to college too much? Should I aim to go to a college faraway enough to where I'll HAVE to live there? I also plan on getting myself a job too, but my parents don't want me to at the moment because all they want me to focus in is "school school school". So it's not as if I'm expecting them to pay for everything because I even WANT to get a job to pay it off myself too.
My mom keeps yelling at me every time I bring up the fact that I want to apply to a college that's over 100 miles away, so there's that. This whole thing is really making me not want to go to college AT ALL.Replies to: Commuting 1 hour?
An hour's drive each way will crush your spirit, make homework difficult, and keep you from having a life. Avoid it any way you can.
I'd suggest dorming, unless you'd have to take out loans or something for it to happen.
I've done 40 minute commutes for summer sessions. I hated it. Summer dorms were just way too expensive, about $5000 for 8 weeks, so I would commute. Traffic is an issue, I had to build in an extra 20 minutes so I would (usually) not be late. I was losing 12+ hours a week to commuting during some summers, time that could have been spent sleeping or studying. Going to events (class, weekend review sessions, hanging out on campus) is a lot more tedious as well, since it takes an hour to get there now. If you're in campus, it's a 5-10 minute walk instead, much easier to attend whatever. You also have nowhere to go if you have breaks between classes.
It might also help to remind your parents that commuting isn't free. You still have to pay for food and gas (or train/bus passes).
I would suggest living in the dorms, at least for your first year, if you can. You'll make a lot of new friends, it'll be a new experience. You'll get used to being more independent and managing your own time. It might be better for academics as well, since it'll be easier to meet up with study groups, or get support on campus.
"My mom keeps yelling at me every time I bring up the fact that I want to apply to a college that's over 100 miles away, so there's that. "
Don't tell mom anything, just apply. I wanted my D to go away for college for the same reasons you want too. This is for you. You have to do what you feel is the right fit for you.
An hour commute each way is going to be very rough, but if your parents aren't willing to pay for a dorm, then there's not a lot you can do, unless you can pay for it yourself. Have you tried crunching the numbers to see exactly how much the difference is? Remember to factor in gas, car maintenance, the cost of the car itself, insurance, parking permit, and meals when you're on campus (unless you're going to bring food everyday--keep in mind you may be on campus for 2-3 meals, depending on your schedule). Is that hour with traffic or without? If traffic is unpredictable, you'll likely have to add extra time on top of that. Try to see if you can help bridge the gap between the cost of a dorm and the cost of commuting.
The most relevant thing to you is probably how commuting will interfere with your social life and ability to be involved in your school. It will be harder to do everything--join clubs, make friends, attend school events (both academic and social), etc. You'll be tired from the commute, and it will just be harder to get to campus for spur of the moment things.
The most relevant thing to your parents is probably how that long of a commute will interfere with your academics. It'll be exhausting for one, especially if you've never had a long commute before. It will take time away from your schoolwork, making it harder to study and do your homework. If there are resources on campus that you need to use (such as computer labs with particular software, the school library to do research, tutoring centers, etc), it will be harder to access those. It may be harder to get to office hours and study sessions. At my school, review sessions for exams were often at night and you may not want to hang around campus all day and then get back home at 9-10pm and study. Study groups may be at odd hours of the day as well. A long commute is possible, of course, as your father says, but the difference between commuting to school and commuting to work is that when you get home, you still have to study, unlike you're father. School doesn't stop when you get home. Also, you'll have to get up extra early on days when you have exams and assignments due to make sure that you don't miss them. And it'll be especially tempting to skip class when you only have one or two in a day. It's really easy to miss a one hour class when your commute is one hour.
Also, don't forget, that when you get into later years, you're going to want to get other experiences besides school as well. Depending on your career goals, you may want to get internships, work experience, research experience, teaching experience, etc, all of which will be easier to get if you live on or near campus.
That being said, your parents have no obligation to pay for your dorm. I'd recommend you try to figure out ways you could fund it yourself, at least for the first year so that you can build a friend group and get acclimated to the academic environment. Then you could look into living off campus with roommates, which may be cheaper. I find it funny that you're parents are so okay with you commuting but are against you getting a job when you're commute is going to be at least 10 hours/week (and probably more--don't forget to factor in the time to even find parking; parking lots during school hours are going to be packed) when that could very well be used in a job. That time is going to take away time you would otherwise be able to study or get work experience. You're parents may think it's all school school school, but remind them that college is not just about school. Regardless of what you want to do after school, you're going to need experience. The more you can get now, the easier it will be later. A long commute takes time away from that.
Essay topics: Commuters complain that increased rush-hour traffic on Blue Highway between the suburbs and city center has doubled their commuting time.The favored proposal of motorist lobby is to widen the highway, addding an addditional lane of traffic.But last year.s addition on nearby Green highway was followed by worsening of traffis jams on it.A better alternative is to add a bicycle lane to Blue highway. Many area residents are keen bicyclist. A bicycle lane would encourage them to use bicycles to commute and so would reduce rush hour traffic rather than fostering increase.
Submitted by igniter56 on Tue, 01/15/2013 - 07:42
Author proposes a lane to reduce traffic rush on Blue High way.This includes a good suggestions but it has some logical flaws.
Firstly he says that presently to travel from suburbs to city via Blue Highway requires double time because of increased traffic on it. But as it is the only way to connect suburb areas to city then obviously it will have more rush.However this may be possible that there will be rush at some office timings. Then he talks about as last year an additional lobby is made but it's effect is in worsening of traffic as motorist's lane on Green Highway.Author has not provided any evidence for it. How it is worsen ?instead of that I would say that by providing seperate lobbies for two wheeler, four wheeler, heavy duty vehicles we can reduce chaos on a single road. We can also reduce commuting time from suburb areas by making different roads for different areas of the city so that vehicles will be distributed. We can also make some diversions and one way roads to reduce the traffic. And worsening effect is observed on Green Highway so why it will be same for Blue Highway also?So better reasoning is necessary to clude why the lane worsen the problem.
Also here author talks about only motorist,he has not mentioned about other types of vehicle. As any information is not provided then we can say that there will be only motor cycles traffic. Here he has not provided that who will drive these motor cycles because if they will be college students then it is possible upto some extent but if they are adults using it for work then some other arrangement should be made.
Finally he suggests better alternative to reduce traffic as to make lane for bicyclist but we need to consider that is is a highway connecting two prime areas so people will go thereby for a specific important reasons such as offices, education, marketing, etc. So they must be in hurry. Therefore it is not possible to go by bicycle for work for them, for example how can one go by bicycle at night to office?Then he also says that many area residents are keen bicyclist.Here he has not provided any evidence for that.This can also possible that they may enjoy bicycling as an exercise activity or some of them may be enjoy bicycling as an interesting sports also. But based on this we cannot say that as bicycle is my hobby so we will use it for my regular work.
Hence at the conclusion point I will say that author has given a solution for reducing traffic on Blue Highway, But as it has many flaws so it is not helpful to reduce the traffic.
Submitted by essayE-rater on Tue, 01/15/2013 - 11:17
Sentence: Then he talks about as last year an additional lobby is made but it's effect is in worsening of traffic as motorist lane on Green Highway.
Description: A pronoun, personal, nominative, 3rd person singular is not usually followed by a noun, singular, common
Suggestion: Refer to it's and effect is
Sentence: Finally he suggests better alternative to reduce traffic as to make lane for bicyclist but we need to consider that is is a highway connecting two prime areas so people will go thereby for a specific important reasons such as offices, education, marketing, etc. So they must be in hurry.
Description: The token is is not usually followed by a verb 'to be', present tense, 3rd person singular
Suggestion: Refer to is and is
Sentence: How it is worsen ?instead of that I would say that by providing seperate lobbies for two wheeler, four wheeler, heavy duty vehicles we can reduce chaos on a single road.
Error: seperate Suggestion: separate
Don't put a gap before punctuation marks.
Put a gap after punctuation marks. E-rater is sensitive.
Attribute Value Ideal
Score: 5.0 out of 6
Category: Very Good Excellent
No. of Grammatical Errors: 2 2
No. of Spelling Errors: 1 2
No. of Sentences: 19 15
No. of Words: 469 350
No. of Characters: 2053 1500
No. of Different Words: 203 200
Fourth Root of Number of Words: 4.654 4.7
Average Word Length: 4.377 4.6
Word Length SD: 2.282 2.4
No. of Words greater than 5 chars: 129 100
No. of Words greater than 6 chars: 97 80
No. of Words greater than 7 chars: 58 40
No. of Words greater than 8 chars: 31 20
Use of Passive Voice (%): 0 0
Avg. Sentence Length: 24.684 21.0
Sentence Length SD: 11.169 7.5
Use of Discourse Markers (%): 0.842 0.12
Sentence-Text Coherence: 0.335 0.35
Sentence-Para Coherence: 0.519 0.50
Sentence-Sentence Coherence: 0.188 0.07
Number of Paragraphs: 5 5
Published: 23rd March, 2015 Last Edited: 23rd March, 2015
This essay has been submitted by a student. This is not an example of the work written by our professional essay writers.Introduction
Distance education is "planned learning that normally occurs in different places from teaching and as a result requires special techniques of course design, special instructional techniques, special methods of communication by electronic and other technology as well as special organizational and administrative arrangements" . Some students choose to move away from home to attend college, and some decide to commute. This tends to be a big decision for most people wanting to further their education, including adults returning to college later in their lives. There are pros and cons to each side, but the main point is whether people prefer face-to-face education or on-line education.
The object of this study is to examine the appeal of on-line education to college students in the United States versus face-to-face education, with a specific focus on the number of adults returning to college seeking online education. The research examines the number of college students and returning adult students that are choosing to further their education on-line versus commuting to the college for face-to-face instruction.
The internet has become a critical part of nearly every academic discipline, even some that were against the technology in the beginning. College and Universities have seen the demand for the online courses and have increased their courses offered online. The rate of students enrolling in online courses has exceeded the growth rate of the overall higher education student population by 16.8 percent . Over the time that online courses have been available the increase in interest has been growing in leaps and bounds, but some say that a plateau may have been reached. Research has proven that this is not true. The growth rate of online course enrollment is still increasing, and is in the double-digits .
Eduventures, a consulting and research firm, recently conducted a survey and found approximately 80 percent of online students are commonly older and are more likely to be working and have families . San Diego State University recently increased the availability of high demand courses by offering it online in order to increase summer enrollment, and attract students that hold summer jobs, live out of town and cannot travel to campus, and to help the overcrowding problems . This was beneficial to both the school and the students looking for a way to continue their education.
Many colleges have implemented Web-based course management programs to assist in delivering a college course in the most efficient way. Blackboard is one of the leading course management systems that offer open architecture for customization and can be used for many different types of courses, online, Web-enhanced and hybrid . This program enables the students and instructors have an enhanced learning experience. WebCT (another online education instrument) is the world's leading provider of integrated online education systems for higher education . In February 2006 WebCT was acquired by Blackboard. These management programs help instructors bring the classroom and the web together by evaluating, tracking, and grading student activities. These programs were developed at the former Cornell University and The University of British Columbia in the late nineteen nineties . Web These programs are used mainly for on-line courses but can be used for face-to-face instruction also, as an aid to the teacher, to get information out to the students quickly and helping students track their progress in the class. Another plus for the students using Blackboard is that it is running 24/7, meaning students can do their work at any time, day or night, and even on the weekend. This gives the students with extremely busy schedules to use their time more efficiently.Research Model
It has been said that adults returning to college will be more likely to take online courses than the traditional college student between the ages of 18-21. Some of the reasons behind this seem to lie in the fact that the younger college students benefit from the social atmosphere that is provided by the college campus. That defiantly lends itself to the reason at a majority of the online students enrolled in college today are over the age of 24 . Another underling reasons that younger college students tend to enjoy or lean toward face-to-face courses and college campus life is rather simple, the freedom from their parents, parties, and a social life . Young students preferring to take classes on campus, is in the traditional classroom the teacher is in front of them supervising, making sure they are paying attention and completing their assignments. On the other hand commuting students and adults returning to college are not in need of this exciting social environment and are more inclined to be mature because they more than likely already have existing obligations like work and family. They are there to get a higher education and expand their knowledge. In a study from the National Survey of Student Engagement only 11 percent of traditional college students spend 25 or more hours a week studying; 40 percent spend 10 hours or less a week .
The target audience for online college courses may not be the adult students. but based on the findings in this study younger students have a greater tendency to take online courses that older students . This may not be entirely true, young students may take these courses because they are comfortable with the technology but they most likely will not do as well in a class with face-to-face interaction. This study also states that in previous years it was true that older students preferred to take online courses, but with all the technology in recent years the tendency for the younger students taking online courses has increased . The increase in on-line courses offered by colleges may be a combination of the younger and older students, but without these on-line classes being offered there would be a lot of adult students and commuting students that would not be able to attend the college of their choice.Therefore we propose:
H1: Commuting students are more likely to take online courses.
H2: Adults returning to college are more likely to take online courses.
There are many tools that assist in the on-line education environment. With the unemployment rate soaring currently and more and more people needing to re-evaluate their future we believe that more adults are returning to college to expand their knowledge. The increase in enrollment in online college courses can be largely attributed to the adult and commuter students. Also, adults and commuter students have are on the top of the list when it comes to having other priorities than school. They could be holding a full time job and are unable to make it to the college on time to take a night course; they could have a young child at home with no one to watch he/she; they could be on a tight budget that does not allow the money for the commute; or they could jut prefer the on-line community vs. the face-to-face community at the college. Regardless, any of these could be the reason for adult and/or commuter student to choose on-line classes.Methodology
This study will be based on a survey of individuals who are enrolled in community colleges, state colleges and people who are currently entertaining the idea of furthering their education.
The written survey will be given.
Ages will ranged from students entering college directly from high school (18 years of age) to adults returning to school (approx. 49 years of age)Discussion & Conclusion
Through the research the determination of young college students liking the campus atmosphere was valid. They enjoy the interaction with the teachers, faculty and other students. The commuting students love the option to be able to take some online courses and some face-to-face courses. This gives them an opportunity to work around their busy work and commuting schedules. Whereas the adult people returning to school really take advantage to the online courses, some have full time jobs and families to take care of, some are unemployed and don't want to get back into the college scene, and some just enjoy online instruction.Expected Contribution
The information gathered through this study will help convince more colleges to consider expanding their on-line course selection for the students. This will aid in increased enrollment at the institution and in turn make the college more appealing to other students thinking about attending.Limitations
Using a test survey first to determine if the questions are valid for the research will assist in a more viable test. Having the survey taken by students at only 2 colleges limits the possibilities of a favorable outcome.Future Research
Expand the research to the numbers of students in the schools that take on-line courses. Investigation into the reasons that students take online courses will. Through a survey conducted on a control group based on the above information will provide a better insight into on-line education.
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