By Lindy Sinka
Resources updated by Transitions Abroad 10/2016
If you have ever thought about traveling around the globe with your university degree as your ticket to ride, Thailand has a lot of options for you to explore. However, teaching English in Thailand is not completely straightforward.
The demand for English teachers is strong all across Asia. Teaching in Thailand is often not as lucrative as in other countries in the region. But if you are looking for something a little “different,” Thailand is the place. You just have to be on your toes and ask the right questions when interviewing for teaching jobs and take nothing for granted.The TEFL / CELTA Conundrum
As with many things in Thailand there is an official answer and an unofficial answer to the question “should you get a TEFL or a CELTA qualification?” It's has now become a general necessity to have a qualification to teach in Thailand, in addition to a university/college degree.
Many backpackers used to work short stints as teachers (a few still do under the table), which flooded the market with cheap labor. Most of these people had no teaching experience or qualifications other than being are native English speakers. Sometimes that was good enough to gain a toehold in this special place. Thailand is diverse, beautiful, colorful, offers great food, and is incredibly cheap. You may feel very worldly when you utter the words “I live in Bangkok.” So many of backpackers decided to stay on here, and eventually they got jobs. If you do have credentials, you have to look hard to find an employer who shows appreciation with respect and money. In short, because of the supply the average salary is low. If you have debts back home it might be difficult to juggle them on an average teacher salary.
But things have changed. To work in Thailand "officially" you should have at least a TEFL certificate or a CELTA certificate in order to get your teachers license, which you need in order to qualify for a work permit. You will also get paid significantly more if you do possess a TEFL or CELTA certificate. If you want to spend some time here and earn a decent amount of money it is really necessary for you to obtain a certificate. It will more than pay for itself. You can even take the TEFL course in Thailand or online while visiting. If you decide to teach elsewhere, the certificate will earn you more money and help you develop your teaching skills.
The following are just a few of the many websites that advertise TEFL and CELTA certificate courses, and often offer job placement (you can see many more on this site's Teach English in Thailand section):
Do you really need a work visa to work in Thailand? The answer depends a lot on you. If you want to work legally and avoid the tedious and expensive border runs, then I would suggest doing things legally. It saves you a lot of hassle in the long term even though the visa process can be complicated. When looking for jobs in Thailand make sure that your school will handle this gruesome process for you. Many schools do offer some help or guidance, but believe me, that isn't enough. They must actually do it for you. Basically, they will ask you for loads of documents and they demand originals. You will need: original university transcripts; original university diploma/certificate; original TEFL/CELTA certificate; and lots of photos (do yourself a favor and ask for the exact sizes. I had to get my mine done five times because they were never the right size or I was wearing the wrong clothes)!
Photos for your work permit need to be from the waist up and you must be wearing business attire (yes, this means suit jackets for guys and girls). You will need assorted sizes for the different permits (teacher’s license and work permit). You will also need a health certificate from a Thai doctor (when I got mine, they checked my blood pressure and asked if I was healthy and then gave me the certificate; it cost me a buck).
If possible, ask your school for a checklist. Otherwise they will ask you for one thing at a time and it gets a bit frustrating and time-consuming. Also expect for your passport to be tied up most of the time this is being processed. Don’t be too scared if they don’t give it back right away. Unfortunately, this is normal. There is some useful information about the visa situation in Thailand on this website: www.ajarn.com. One good website for Thai visas is www.thaivisa.com.
Once you find a suitable job your employer will give you some paperwork and you will have to make a visa run to get a Non-immigrant B Visa. You need this type of visa in order to apply for a work permit. This is valid for three months. It seems like a long time but you will soon find out that the mass of tangled, sticky, red tape takes a while to unravel. The good thing is your school should handle it. I advise you to keep tabs of your visa expiration date and keep pestering them about the progress of your visa. Recently at my Bangkok school one of the teachers had their visa expire because. well because someone wasn't paying attention.
Important Questions to Ask
If you are new to Thailand and new to teaching be careful. Things are not always straightforward here. Ask a lot of questions, and if things seem a bit suspicious or unclear than maybe it is best to look elsewhere. There are many jobs teaching English in Thailand. The average pay is around 30,000 baht (US$850) or a bit above. That isn't enough. You pay a premium for most things in Thailand just because you are a farang (foreigner). If you were Thai that salary might seem like a bonanza. (Most Thais make about 6,000 baht a month; in Bangkok the average salary is about 15,000 baht a month, obviously depending on their level of education and skill. Using your favorite currency calculator. you can determine what this correspond to in your own currency.) This does create a little tension between you and your Thai co-workers, so tread very carefully and always be respectful. The Thai teachers at public and private schools are qualified teachers who make half of what you make. They work a lot harder and have many fewer benefits. They often don’t receive health insurance or bonuses and they generally work longer hours and have less vacation days.
Negotiate your salary and all benefits: everything is negotiable. Don't be shy or you will be scrounging for change a week before your next paycheck. Also, ask about bonuses and airfare reimbursement. Bonuses are not at all uncommon if you fulfill your 1-year contract and work full-time. Some international schools will either buy you a ticket home or pay you cash if you choose not to take the ticket. Again, make sure they handle your visa, work permit, and teacher's license. These things cost money and you do not want to pay for them yourself or have to deal with the government offices that issue them.
This is where you pay much more than your Thai counterpart, up to double what a Thai would pay. Take your time and check different locations and prices before you decide on an apartment (see Cheap Rentals in Bangkok on this site by Chris Mitchell for details). You can stay in a cheap guesthouse while you are looking. Very few teaching jobs provide accommodation, and if they do it is very likely because they are located in the country. Check the rate for water and electricity. The Thais pay the utility company directly thus getting a much lower price then the farang. Many housing complexes from large to small will make you pay a premium for the same services. You can expect to pay between 6 and 7 baht per unit for electricity. Our water rates were pretty high. The point is it all adds up. Our first electricity bill was nearly 5,000 baht. So be careful.
English Teaching Jobs
I recommend having a good look around before deciding on a job. A great portal for finding Thai jobs is www.ajarn.com. People are always coming and going and this site posts a list of top ESL jobs in Thailand updated daily as well. Jobs and discussions about particular employers and issues of concern for teachers can be found at Dave's ESL Cafe. Here you can also engage in discussions about the latest jobs and working conditions, wages, visa questions, and other matters which are always subject to change.
My experience of the Thai people has been lovely. A big smile will get you a long way here. It is important to always keep your temper under control. A temper flare-up will get you absolutely nowhere and cost you the respect of the Thai people who witnessed it. Even if something is absolutely ridiculous and wouldn’t be tolerated back home, matters will turn out better if you just work through the problem and pretend to be amiable even if you want to start shouting profanities and banging your fist or your head against the wall.
The Importance of Respect
Thailand is a predominately Buddhist country and it is evident in the number of temples and spirit houses that you will see everywhere. Buddhism permeates all levels of Thai thinking from the concept of “mai pen rai ” (which basically means "don’t worry about it"), to deeply ingrained ideas regarding hierarchy and respect.
Respect is of paramount importance in Thai society. Learning Thai customs and picking up the language will earn you mountains of respect from your co-workers and peers and generally make your experience here a more enjoyable one. Be prepared for the Thai concept of time. Thai people don't seem to be in a hurry most of the time, and this is definitely something that you just have to get used to. The mad rush known by many expats back home slows down quite considerably here, and it is nice to take the time to enjoy life instead of rushing around from one commitment to the next without having a second to reflect.
Thailand is still a developing country, so sometimes material life is not up to what some might experience in the West. A vast majority of the people here are poor. But if you decide to live and work in Thailand it is very important to keep things in perspective and always be considerate about the customs and traditions of the Thai people.
While Thailand is still a developing country in some areas, virtually every luxury you might want from home is available. In general, you can buy almost anything your heart desires. It is an easy place to live (apart from sporadic recent political issues), and Thai people are genuinely helpful, kind, and generous. When I started my first job, on the very first day of work a tiny little lady, who only came up to my chin, welcomed me and grabbed my hand to take me on a tour of the facilities. She didn’t let go of my hand until we were finished about 45 minutes later. Thais are generally very warm. Thailand is called the land of smiles for a good reason. If you want to live and teach in Thailand, you just have to do your homework, who respect, and you will likely enjoy your stay—indeed, some foreigners never leave.
For more detailed information about Thai people and culture see this site's section on Living in Thailand.
Lindy Sinka has been living and teaching in Thailand, Korea, and Japan for more than five years.
Related Topics on Thailand
Q.You’ve just graduated from college and are entering a tough job market. What kind of interview preparation will help you stand out?
A. Research the company and the industry, says Adrien Fraise, founder of Modern Guild. which provides online career coaching to college students and high school seniors. “Know the major industry trends and news,” he says, and be able to talk about how they could affect the company.
Find out who runs the company and how they got there. “Look at their profiles on LinkedIn and see if you find a common bond,” says David Lewis. the chief executive of OperationsInc.. a human resources outsourcing and consulting firm in Norwalk, Conn. “If you are able to say, ‘I went to the same college as you’ or ‘I also majored in psychology,’ that demonstrates you really did your homework.”
Familiarize yourself with the company’s products or services and look for ways, even small ones, to possibly expand or add value. Note the positives, then talk about opportunities you see, says Moses Lee. C.E.O. of Seelio. a platform that lets students and recent college graduates post samples of their work and search for jobs.
“Let’s say you are talking about a recent marketing campaign,” he says. “You could say, ‘I enjoyed that campaign and if I had the opportunity to work on it, I might frame it so it resonated with millennials, too.’ ”
Q.What questions can you expect, and how can you prepare to answer them?
A. You may be asked to walk the interviewer through your résumé, so prepare concise, articulate anecdotes to illustrate what you did or learned in each experience you’ve listed, Mr. Fraise says. Highlight what you achieved and the skills you used — and how you want to keep using them. “Rehearse in front of the mirror and then in front of others,” he says. “Be so comfortable with it, it doesn’t sound scripted.”
Interviewers often ask questions like “Can you give me an example of when you had to work as part of a team or learned something new quickly?” Mr. Lewis says your examples might come from experiences in a club, fraternity or sorority. “Did you organize a membership push? Plan events? Do recruiting?” he says.
Credit Courtney Wirth
If you’re asked a question like “Why did you choose your college major?” be complete in your answer. “Don’t just say ‘because I really like psychology,’ “ Mr. Lewis advises. Instead, note from a business perspective why you liked the subject. “Maybe you found the classes to be informative about human behavior, which is a key to success in anyone’s business,” he says.
Take along samples of your work — whether from an internship, a class or an extracurricular activity — in a folder or on a laptop computer or tablet.
And always prepare questions to ask at the end of the interview, says Alexa Hamill, American campus recruiting leader for PricewaterhouseCoopers in Philadelphia. Questions on the interviewer’s own career progress are a way to conclude, she says: “What opportunities have been presented to them? How were they trained and developed? This shows you are looking at the job as something potentially long term.”
Q.You want to exude confidence and maturity. What are some ways to bolster your confidence before an interview?
A. Develop a personal elevator pitch — a 30-second to one-minute summary of your academic career, your interests and what you did outside school — and correlate that to the job you want, Ms. Hamill says. PricewaterhouseCoopers offers a free tool on its site to help think through those questions, she says.
Q.What are some basic interview etiquette rules, in terms of dress and behavior?
A. Turn off your cellphone before walking into the company’s offices, and don’t take it out during your interview. “Don’t remind me you’re a 22-year-old,” Mr. Lewis says. “Have a firm handshake, maintain eye contact and don’t fidget.”
Remember not to talk about inappropriate topics like a recent fraternity party or something you saw on Facebook, Ms. Hamill says. When speaking to interviewers, “face them with your knees pointing toward them, sit up straight and stay engaged,” she says. After the interview, send a thank-you e-mail and include a link to your online portfolio or Web site if you have one.
Unless the company recommends dressing casually or informally for the interview, men should wear a suit and tie and women should wear a suit or skirt and blouse, Mr. Lewis says. You may be the only one in the office dressed that way, he says, but it’s usually better not “to walk into an interview dressed as if you are already part of the team.”
A version of this interview appears in print on June 2, 2013, on Page BU8 of the New York edition with the headline: Want The Job? Do Your Homework. Order Reprints | Today's Paper | Subscribe
Even though we anticipate career changes, the move towards being self-employed is a huge change from anything we have experienced during our work life. The process need not be frustrating. You can enjoy the journey through proper research and some footwork before you start your own business.
You can obtain the needed information by visiting or contacting other small business owners in the field that interests you.
Ask to spend a day or two in their business to get a feel of what it entails. Most small business owners are willing to help another aspiring entrepreneur.
Another way for getting information is to visit the nearest small business association. The consultants will be able to assist you with guidelines on registering the business, completing tax returns, applying for loans and advice on the location. Apart from this, there are numerous short training courses that you can follow.
Attend a small business seminar or breakfast to build a network of contacts. You can even join a small business network group, which is helpful for support, guidance and future business. Purchase entrepreneur magazines that are filled with opportunities and useful information.
Get involved on a part time basis in the area of business that interests you. There is nothing like first hand experience to build your confidence before you start your own business.
Don't overlook the Internet as a source of ideas, contacts and information. Source the products, services and suppliers that you will be dealing with before you start your own business. Contact business brokers or property managers to get a feel for the rental market as you will need to budget for office, retail or industrial space.
Visit your local tax office and spend some time with one of the tax consultants, who will be able to help you with all the tax information that you need. If they know that you want to pay your taxes and need help, you can be assured that they will provide your with a wealth of information.
Locate a good web designer and someone that can help you with the marketing because no matter how good your business is, the people need to know you exist. Research market prices, product ranges and service scopes.
Once you have done all your homework and have the available finances, you can start your own business. The planning and research process is an essential step that many prospective entrepreneurs overlook and as a result, fail when they become self-employed.
For this reason, you shouldn't skip the business plan. Even though it is difficult to make projections about the future without past experience, the plan can serve as a guideline of what you aim to reach as well as providing the path that you want to follow for reaching those goals.
Don't expect overnight success when you start your own business. The first few months are tuff and you will put in a lot of work for little return at first. Once your customer base has been formed and everything is in place, you will start to reap the benefits of being self-employed.