Imagine that a Dr. Bronner's-loving hippie traveled back in time to 1600s England, and you've got a nice description of Anys Gowdie.The First Hippie
Anys is Eyam's resident medicine woman, using herbs and other natural remedies to help her patients. As it happens, this technique is looked upon with distrust by the villagers: "I knew how easy it is for widow to be turned witch in the common mind, and the first cause generally is that she meddles somehow in medicinals" (2.2.50).
Anys earns extra distrust due to her freewheeling nature. She lives outside of town. She embraces her sexuality. She sees wives as "shackled to their menfolk as surely as the plough-horse to the shares" (2.3.26). Because of these proto-feminist beliefs, Anys inspires Anna as she begins her own quest of feminine self-discovery. Anys is second only to Elinor in this regard.
Unfortunately, Anys' tendency to listen "to her own heart rather than having her life ruled by others' conventions" (2.3.25) bites her in the butt. Once the plague takes hold of Eyam, the desperate villagers pin the blame for the disease on Anys and her aunt, Mem. The villagers are convinced that the Gowdies are witches. So the villagers go on the attack. Mem survives the experience, but Anys is lynched by the angry mob.
In her final revenge, Anys uses the villagers' fears against them by accusing them of being in cahoots with Satan, making them suspicious of one another. And, in fact, the only people doing actual evil things are. the villagers. So she's kind of right. Think of it as Anys' final show of disrespect to a society she never deigned worthy of joining.People who Shmooped this also Shmooped.
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Religious matters underlie James MacMillan 's works on this 2005 Chandos release, and to greater or lesser extents, the composer has created orchestral requiems that may provoke thoughts of human suffering and final things. The Confession of Isabel Gowdie (1990) draws on the 1662 witchcraft trial of a Scottish woman; in MacMillan 's account, she represents the thousands of innocents executed during the Reformation. MacMillan 's score is mostly elegiac, though the slow passages in the Lydian mode are interrupted by sections of extremely violent music. Programmatically, Confession's narrative is almost simplistic, but effective in its directness. In his Symphony No. 3, "Silence" (2002), inspired by a novel by Shusaku Endo and dedicated to the author's memory, MacMillan wrestles with the problem of pain and God's apparent indifference to genocide. Without knowing MacMillan 's literary references or his theological stance, one might regard this single-movement work as more of a brooding tone poem than a proper symphony. Its expressionistic and sometimes aggressive material produces dramatic tension and some propulsion, but the lack of a clear trajectory or tight developmental structure makes this work seem meandering and abstruse. The BBC Philharmonic. conducted by the composer, is gorgeous in its sonorities and textures, but the extremely subdued sound quality obscures many fine details.Track Listing
These are the paragraphs created by the class. Keep them amongst your notes but add to them or alter them as you see the characters and their role in the story.
Josiah Bont, the protagonist’s father, ‘was a man of few words, and those mostly curses’, as well as vile and physically and psychologically violent towards his wife, ‘she had worn the helmet a night and a day… [Josiah] yanking hard on the chain so that the iron sliced her tongue’, and his daughter, ‘see? I said you’d learn at me knee, and you’ll damn well do as I tell ye. Someone fetch me a branks to muzzle this scold!’ Abusive, ‘He was a quick man, ever quick with a blow’, and a drunkard ‘he would end everyday there [Miner’s Tavern], drinking until he could barely stagger home’ but although ‘he loved pot, the pot did not love him, and made of him a sour and menacing creature’. He dies from a storm after his misfortunate forgotten retrieval from the punishment of having knives hammered through his hands into mine stowes.
The character Aphra in the novel by year of wonders written by Geraldine Brooks is portrayed as mean, wild and cunning just like Josiah her husband. Anna there step daughter ‘was always a pair of hands before I [she] was a person. Aphra was very much a bystander in Anna’s life, especially when it came to Josiah beating her, Aphra’s only remark was when he struck her on the face ‘ for we’ll never marry her off’ only thinking of herself and not Anna’s wellbeing. Perhaps the only good thing Aphra ever done for Anna was encourage her marriage to Sam Frith ‘Better she be bedded early to Frith than bedded untimely by some youth’ This pushed Anna away. Although Aphra was a very proud woman, she was jealous of the bonds Anna had with members of the community such as Elinor ‘You’re not my step daughter now. Oh no. You’re too fine for the likes o’ me [elinor]’. ‘Out of our negligence and her loneliness came rage. Much rage and some madness…’ The grief from the loss of children as well as her anger towards her husband drives her into lunacy, and in the end the murder of Elinor and herself.
Aphra Bont is wife to Josiah Bont hence she also is Anna Frith’s stepmother. She does not care about Anna’s welfare, “to my stepmother, Aphra, I was always a pair of hands before I was person”. Aphra does not defend her stepdaughter, Anna, from the physical abuse she endures at the hand of her father. Her selfishness is highlighted by only defending Anna “if he [Josiah] struck me [Anna] on the face…for we [Josiah and Aphra] never marry her [Anna] off”. As a result she encouraged Anna’s marriage to her miner husband Sam Frith “better she be wedded early to Frith than bedded untimely by some youth”. The Plague changes Aphra from being a loyal wife to a wife who blames her husband for the loss of her children and her eventuating suffering, “and her [Aphra] loneliness came much rage. In her madness Aphra laments on qualities she never possessed or gave others around her “who has pity. and where may peace be found”. Aphra, the highly superstitious woman, ends up responsible for three deaths, including her own.
Elizabeth Bradford is the aristocratic daughter of Colonel Bradford. Elizabeth is very proud and protective of her aristocratic family “We cannot have our family name flaunted in this village for all to stare at.” Elizabeth remains very ignorant throughout, she expects her servants including Anna, to bow down to her, even after her family returns to the village after fleeing in fear of contracting the plague. Although the reader sees Elizabeth as a very stroppy young girl, she reveals a vulnerable side to Anna when she breaks down and blurts out the seriousness of her mother’s situation, with her being pregnant with a baby that is not her fathers. Elizabeth was prepared to kill her new born half-sister just to save her mother’s life as she knew the colonel would surely kill both of them, this shows she.
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'Year of Wonders suggests that adversity brings out the best and the worst in people.' Do you agree? In Year of Wonders . Geraldine Brooks recounts the tale of a small 17th century English village afflicted by the plague, through the honest and reliable narration of Anna Frith. The novel's title alludes to the idea that though the plague is devastating, it gives rise to "wonders ". Brooks presents to readers an insightful exploration of the diverse reactions that people can have to adverse circumstances, from Anna Frith's exceptional growth to Aphra's descent into madness. She also acknowledges the complexity of human behaviour: adversity is not always polarising, and people's responses lie on a spectrum, where the distinctions between right and wrong are sometimes blurred. As the plague wreaks havoc on the villagers, it drives many to commit horrible atrocities. In contemporary England, witchcraft was a common accusation in times of adversity, and Mem and Anys Gowdie are particularly vulnerable to become scapegoats, being independent women with knowledge of herblore and midwifery. Brooks shows her readers how difficult circumstances can lead seemingly rational, kind people to turn against those who had never wronged them. Fuelled by hysteria, a panicked mob murders the Gowdies, who were prime targets as "Aphra's superstitious mutterings found many willing ears amongst the villagers". We also see how.
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- Maid for the rector
- 2 sons
- Husband – Sam( died in a lead mining accident)
- Becomes friends with Elinor
- Two sons die from plague – Jamie, Tom
- Adopts Mrs. Bradford’s baby – Aisha
- Helps Rector
- Kisses Mr. Vicars
- Looks up to Anys
- Fights with her friends Liz when she kills Anys
- Has sex with rector – Baby, Elinor
- Takes poppies
- Used to love apple picking season
- Her father was abusive – bad upbringing
- Learns how to read and write
- Becomes healer and midwife
- Leaves Eyam
- Never went to school
- ‘I CANNOT SAY THAT I HAVE FAITH ANYMORE. HOPE, PERHAPS. WE HAVE AGREED THAT IT WILL DO FOR NOW’
- ‘SHE WAS A RARE CREATURE, ANYS GOWDIE AND I HAD TO OWN THAT ADMIRED HER FOR LISTENING TO HER OWN HEART RATHER THAN HAVING HER LIFE RULED BY OTHERS CONVENTIONS’
- ONCE AGAIN I AWOKE IN THE MORNING BLISSFULLY RESTED AND ONCE AGAIN, THE POPPY- INDUCED SERENITY DID NOT LAST LONG. THIS TIME IS WAS NO OUTWARD HORROS THAT PLAYED ME BACK INTO OUR HARD REALITY, BUT MY OWN REALISATION, LYING WARM IN MY BED, THAT I HAD NO FURTHER MEANS TO SECURE SUCH OBLIVION’
- ‘ELINOR EMBRACED ME AND I FELT CERTAIN AT THE MOMENT I WOULD DO ANYTHING FOR THIS WOMAN, ANYTHING SHE ASKED OF ME’
- ‘ ALL THAT WEEK I BEGAN TO NOTICE THAT NEIGHBOURS WOULD BREAK OFF CONVERSATIONS WHEN I DREW NEAR THEM AND GRADUALLY I BECAME AWARE THEY WERE SPEAKING OF MY FATHER AND SOURLY’
- ‘IF WE BALANCED THE TIME WE SPENT CONTEMPLATING GOD, AND WHY HE AFFLICTED US, WITH MORE THOUGHT AS TO HOW THE PLAGUE SPREAD AND POISONED OUR BLOOD, THEN WE MIGHT COME NEARER TO SAVING OUR LIVES’
- ‘BY THE SECOND SUNDAY IN JUNE WE HAD REACHED A SORRY MERCIER: AS MANY OF US WERE NOW IN THE GROUN AS WALKED ABOVE IT’
- ‘I WAS JEALOUS OF BOTH OF THEM AT ONCE. OF HIM BECAUSE ELINOR LOVED HIM AND I HUNGERED FOR A GREATER SHARE OF HER LOVE THAN I COULD EVER HOPE FOR AND YET I WAS JEALOUS OF HER TO; JEALOUS THAT SHE WAS LOVED BY A MAN AS A WOMAN IS MEANT TO BE LOVED’
- ‘I USED TO LOVE THIS SEASON’ (talking about apple picking season)
- ‘IN THE DAYS THAT FOLLOWED, I TASTED WHAT LIFE WOULD BE LIKE IF I SURVIVED THROUGH THIS DYING TIME TO SEE MY OLD AGE. IT IS A GREAT THING TO BE YOUNG AND TO LIVE WITHOUT PAIN’
- I SHOULD ADD THAT THE POT DID NOT LOVE HIM AND MADE HIM A SOUR AND MENACING CREATURE’ (talking about her father – Josiah Bont)
- 18 years old
- Stole poppies
- Looks up to Anys
- ‘BUT THE DAMP AFTER THE HEAT BROUGHT FEALS BEYOND ANY INFESTATION I REMEMBER. IT IS AN ODD THING, HOW BITING PESTS OF ALL KINDS WILL FIND ONE PERSONE FLAVOURSOME AND ANOTHER NOT TO THEIR LIKING AT ALL’
- Rector of the village
- Married to Elinor
- Declares quarantine
- Everyone’s savior
- ‘THE MORE I COULD MAKE HER LOVE ME, THE MORE HER PENNANCE MIGHT WEIGH IN THE BALANCE TO EQUAL HER SIN’
- Becomes severely depressed when Elinor dies
- Had a sexless marriage with Elinor
- Leads the community through the crisis
- Father of Anna’s daughter
- ‘THE PLAGUE WILL MAKE HEROES OF US ALL, WHETHER WE WILL OR NO’
- Rectors friend Robert – ‘THEY SAY YOU CAN HEAR THE SCREAMS OF THE DYING, LOCKED UP ALL ALONE I NTHE HOUSES MARKED WITH READ CROSSES’ – ( talking of the plague outbreak in London
- From a poor family
- Doesn’t believe in violence
- Mr. M’s wife
- Befriends Anna
- Sinned when she was younger
- Murdered by Aphra
- Taught Anna how to read and write
- Very slim
- Motherly tendencies
- Can’t have babies
- Suspected affair with George
- Quick lipped
- Taunts villagers
- Witch tendencies
- Murdered by a mob of people
- Trained in Physick
- Anys’ auntie
- Does herbal treatments
- Suspected witchery
- Has herbs and medicine
- Helps jamie
- Powerful landowner
- Head of the first 1st family in Eyam
- Leaves after the plague strikes
- Colonels daughter
- Tries to murder her newborn sister to protect the family
- Anna’s stepmom
- Married to Josiah
- 2 sons
- 1 daughter
- All die of plague
- Loses her mind when she loses kids and husband
- Turns to witchcraft
- ‘SAY WHAT YOU WILL ANNA. THAT GIRL HAS TOO MUCH PRIDE IN HER STEP FOR A POOR ORPHAN’ (talking about Anys)’
- Kills own daughter
- Has a snake
- Ghost of Anys Gowdie
- Anna’s father
- First Wife died giving birth
- Abusive towards Anna
- Becomes a gravedigger
- Exploits the villagers
- Convicted of theft
- Killed because he tried to bury Christopher Allan alive
- Went to war