The Associated Press Stylebook and the Chicago Manual of Style are very different guides for two very different groups of people who make their living with the written word.
The information contained in each has a small crossover factor; but, in general, each is a specialized reference work for its intended profession.
The AP Stylebook concerns itself with a much smaller group of writers: those who produce newspaper copy and the writers concerned with public relations and informational news releases. The citing of sources is treated much differently in news media once the final product is produced, and there is very little regarding the citing of sources in the AP Stylebook.
The Chicago Manual of Style is a much larger and detail oriented work primarily because of the breadth of its intended audience: writers of every kind from the latest mystery author to the doctor writing articles for a medical journal. It covers the concerns of editing all of those works and laying out the various works by publishers. Large portions are devoted to citing other sources, reference lists and bibliographies.AP Stylebook Content
The actual rules content and instructions for setting up news articles correctly is surprisingly a small portion of the AP Stylebook. The majority of the book is devoted to a combination of dictionary, thesaurus and encyclopedia covering the most commonly misused or confused places, words and concepts presented in news articles.
It is much more geared toward ensuring that the factual information regarding such things as the correct usage of titles of nobility or the correct meaning of military acronyms are observed, than laying out rules for the actual writing of a news article.
There are certain guidelines regarding construction and formatting of different types of articles but percentage wise, they are a very small portion of the contents.Chicago Manual of Style Content
The Chicago Handbook of Style is much more oriented to the technical aspects of writing and publishing in a correct fashion.
There is an extensive section on punctuation and an even more extensive section of the correct quoting of sources, quotes and references.
Separate sections are included for tables and charts, the inclusion of illustrations and how to properly express mathematics and numbers in written form.
There is a portion on names and terms somewhat similar to that in the AP Stylebook but much smaller and intended more to guide the writer in proper inclusion in sentence structure and usage than factual accuracy.Similarities: AP Stylebook and Chicago Manual of Style Plagiarism
A similarity between the two works is that both have guidelines to prevent their users from falling prey to having their writing questioned.
In the case of the Chicago Manual this takes the form of comprehensive guidelines for distinguishing between ones original work and quotes or sections attributed to another source or author. This guidance aids the writer in guarding against charges of plagiarism or intellectual property infringement.
The AP Stylebook has a section similar to this but specific to a concern more commonly encountered by news and media professionals: libel.
The guidance regarding libel presented in the AP Stylebook is not intended to be a textbook or comprehensive legal guide but rather a working guide for the writers and editors.
Topics covered in this section include:
The AP Stylebook is very clear that any complex questions of libel and associated topics should be brought to the attention of competent legal advisers and that the Stylebook guidance is not the definitive answer to any given issue.Detail Orientation
The AP Stylebook and the Chicago Manual of Style are both written in the same arena but are directed at two different sets of contestants.
In book and article writing, the creator has weeks, months or years to get every detail correct and the Chicago Manual reflects that high level of craftsmanship. In news media, however, deadlines and the need to publish immediately demand a much more rough and ready guide that sets general rules and relies on the individual writer’s talent and the editor to make sure the details come out right.Post a comment. Difference Between AP Stylebook and Chicago Manual of Style By YourDictionary
The Associated Press Stylebook and the Chicago Manual of Style are very different guides for two very different groups of people who make their living with the written word.The Chicago Manual of Style is by far the larger reference work, with over 950 pages.The AP Stylebook has only 330 pages.The information contained in each has a small crossover factor; but, in general, each is a specialized reference work for its intended profession.The Chicago Manual of style is the guide for authors, editors and publishers of books, periodicals and journals.The AP Stylebook is the prime reference for those in the news and public relations fields.
Difference Between AP Stylebook and Chicago Manual of Style
AP style, or Associated Press style, is the writing style guide used by the Associated Press. It is a standardized way of writing created and maintained by the Associated Press, a long standing authority within the news world.
Each year the Associated Press publishes an updated version of The Associated Press Stylebook. Many of the main style aspects remain the same, but each year there are small edits, additions and subtractions to the way that AP style is used. The stylebook is a useful reference to have, especially when unsure how to treat specific words and ideas within writing.Who can benefit from using AP style?
AP Style is a necessity for journalists and those in the news industry. Public relations professionals writing press releases should know AP style as well because they work closely with newspapers, but essentially AP style can be useful to anyone.
Many businesses and companies will use a writing style guide to create a common writing style for their communications. Some of them even use AP style, so learning the basics is a perfect idea. It also makes a good starting point for knowing how to use a style guide, regardless of whether you end up using AP style regularly or use another style guide during your career.What parts of AP style do I need to know?
There is a lot that is included in AP style, and much more than can be covered in a simple blog post. However, knowing some the basics of AP style can get you started. Here are 10 basics of AP style that are most common and most useful:
In general, spell out numbers one through nine and use figures for numbers 10 and above. Numbers that are two words are connected with a hyphen.
Ariana has six dolls that she plays with regularly.
There are twenty-six stops on Leslie’s regular bus route.
Always use figures instead of spelling out ages. Use hyphens for ages that are used as adjectives before a noun or that substitute a noun.
Ryan is 7 years old.
The 12-year-old boy is living with his grandparents.
Use figures in specifying time except for “noon” and “midnight.” Use a colon to separate hours from minutes, and use “a.m.” and “p.m.” rather than using “o’clock.” The abbreviations for “a.m.” and “p.m.” are lowercase letters with periods after each letter.
We eat lunch at noon every day.
The supervisor meeting is at 9 a.m. on Tuesday.
Always use figures without the additions of “st,” “nd,” “rd” or “th.”
In all cases, capitalize the names of months. Only abbreviate the months Jan. Feb. Aug. Sept. Oct. Nov. and Dec. when used with a date. Spell out months when using alone or with a year. When dates contain the month, day, and year, place the year within commas.
The Annual General Meeting is always held on the second weekend in November.
Many couples celebrate their relationships on Feb. 14, also known as Valentine’s Day.
Cameron is counting down the days to Dec. 16, 2016, which is the last day of classes for the fall semester.
Do not capitalize seasons unless they are a part of a formal name.
Hector said that fall is his favorite season.
The 2018 Winter Olympics will be held in Pyeongchang, South Korea.
Use figures for percentages. Percent is spelled out and the symbol is not used. For a range, spell out the middle word rather than using a hyphen.
The professor said that 80 percent of the class passed the exam.
Between 15 and 20 percent of employees will be selected for a random performance evaluation.
Only use street abbreviations (Ave. Blvd. St.) with a numbered address. Spell them out and capitalize when a street name is referenced without a number. Spell it out and leave it lowercase when used alone or with more than one street name. Similar words such as “drive,” “alley,” “road,” etc. are always spelled out.
Always use figures for an address number, and capitalize and spell out First through Ninth when used as street names, use figures for 10 th and above.
Abbreviate compass points on a street except for when there is no number included.
The president of the United States lives at 1600 Pennsylvania Avenue.
The local park is located on Falcon Boulevard.
The location for the party is 1234 W. Grandison Drive.
Use figures and a $ sign in all references to specific dollar amounts below $999,999.
For amounts over $1 million, use up to two decimal places, and do not put a hyphen before the word “million.”
Rachel borrowed $50 from Vicki for car repairs.
The estimated cost of the business renovation is $2.36 million.
Job titles are capitalized only if directly preceding the name of the person who holds that title. Titles that come before a name that if offset by commas or that do not come before a name are not capitalized.
President Frank Thomas will speak about the company’s expected earnings in a press conference Wednesday.
The current vice president, Joe Biden, was born in Scranton Pennsylvania.
Capitalize the main words in a title and put quotations around the title, except for the Bible and books that are primarily reference materials. This includes book titles, magazine titles, movie titles, poem titles, song titles, etc.
Selena’s favorite novel is “Of Mice and Men.”
Lin Manuel-Miranda’s hit musical, “Hamilton,” follows the story of founding father Alexander Hamilton.
Do you use AP style? What do you think is the most important rule of AP style?
Share This Post:
Language is always evolving and, for the most part, grammar, style, and usage can’t be presented as simply black and white. Any number of style guides and reference books are available today; they don’t always agree with each other, but that’s all right.
The guidelines you’ll see here are based on the Associated Press Stylebook, though some departures have been made that are specific to UIS. AP Style is used by journalists and is the preferred style for news releases and other information sent to the media.
This guide is by no means exhaustive; it’s meant only to address some of the most common questions that writers may have.
If you want additional information, try:
Click on a letter to jump to that section of the alphabet:
Alright is all wrong.
No entries at this time
No entries at this time
No entries at this time
Books: “The Kite Runner”
Poems: “The Iliad”
Movies: “The Day the Earth Stood Still”
Operas and other Musical Pieces: “The Marriage of Figaro”
Plays: “The Death of a Salesman”
Record Albums: Mudvayne’s “Lost and Found”
TV and Radio Series “A Prairie Home Companion”
Works of Art: Van Gogh’s “Sunflowers”, Rodin’s “The Thinker”
Do not put quotation marks around the Bible or books that are primarily catalogs of reference material. This category also includes, almanacs, directories, dictionaries, encyclopedias, gazetteers, handbooks and similar publications. Do not use quotation marks around the name of computer software, such as Word. Names of newspapers, journals or magazines are not to be quoted or italicized.
The State Journal-Register
The Journal of Continuing Higher Education
These require quotation marks:
Articles in magazines and newspapers (“Fed Drops Interest Rate” in the New York Times)
Computer Games or Apps (“Farmville” on Facebook)
Dissertations and papers (a paper titled “What I Did on My Summer Vacation”)
Essays (John Locke’s “Essay Concerning Human Understanding”)
Short poems (Alfred Noyes’ “The Highwayman”)
Song titles (Tina Turner’s version of “Proud Mary”)
Video games (“World of Warcraft”)These do not require quotation marks:
Individual episodes of a TV series (the Humbug episode of “The X Files”)
Statues (The Young Lawyer)
Websites and apps (Facebook or Instagram)
No entries at this time
A (VERY) BRIEF GUIDE TO ELECTRONIC STYLE
Matters of electronic style – no less than old-fashioned grammar – are open to interpretation.
The following examples briefly represent a general style adopted for this university.
And please, do take the time to read over what you’ve written at least once before hitting the send button. Unless your input is urgently needed, clarity, spelling, punctuation, grammar, and basic civility still count.
Emoticons and acronyms