imagesize = 150px
| name = S.L. Bhyrappa
birthname = Santeshivara Lingannaiah Bhyrappa
birthdate = Birth date and age|1934|7|26|mf=y
birthplace = Santeshivara, Hassan district. Karnataka. India
occupation = Writer. Novelist. Professor
nationality = India
genre = Fiction
influences = Gorur Ramaswamy Iyengar. M.K. Gandhi. Ananda Coomaraswamy. Ramakrishna Paramahamsa. Swami Vivekananda
Santeshivara Lingannaiah Bhyrappa (Kannada :ಸಂತೇಶಿವರ ಲಿಂಗಣ್ಣಯ್ಯ ಭೈರಪ್ಪ) (born July 26. 1934 ), is a Kannada novelist, whose works are immensely popular both within India and abroad. Bhyrappa is widely regarded as one of India's foremost modern-day writers. His novels are unique in terms of theme, structure, and characterization. cite web|url=http://www.kamat.com/kalranga/kar/writers/s_l_bhyrappa.htm|title= Novelist S.L. Bhyrappa|work=Vikas Kamat on Kamat's Potpourri|publisher=Kamat's Potpourri|accessdate=2007-06-22 ] He has been among the top selling authors of Kannada, Hindi and Marathi for the past several years.
Bhyrappa's works do not fit into any specific genre of contemporary Kannada literature such as Navodaya, Navya, Bandaya, or Dalita partly because of the range of topics they deal with. His major works have been the centre of several public debates. cite web|url=http://www.hindu.com/fr/2005/01/28/stories/2005012802290200.htm|title= Still on top of the charts|work=Online webpage of The Hindu|publisher=The Hindu|accessdate=2007-06-22 ]
Bhyrappa was born in Santeshivara, a remote village in Channarayapatna taluk of Hassan district. about 200 km from Bangalore. He lost his mother to Bubonic plague early in childhood and took on odd jobs to pay for his education. His childhood influences include the Kannada litterateur Gorur Ramaswamy Iyengar ; Bhyrappa briefly participated in the Indian freedom struggle when he was aged 13.
Bhyrappa completed his primary education in Channarayapatna taluk before moving to Mysore where he finished the rest of his education. His autobiography. "Bhitti" (Wall) records a break in his high school education. Bhyrappa impulsively quit school, following his cousin's advice and wandered for a year with him. His sojourn led him to Mumbai. where he worked as a railway porter. In Mumbai he met a group of sadhu s and joined them to seek spiritual solace. He wandered with them for a few months before returning to Mysore to continue his education.
* High School - Navodaya High School (now), Channaraya Pattana. Sharada Vilas High School, Mysore
* B.A (Hons) - Philosophy (Major), Mysore University
* M.A - Philosophy, awarded the gold medal by Mysore University
* Doctor of Philosophy - "Satya mattu Soundarya" (Truth and Beauty) written in English, Maharaja Sayajirao University of Baroda
S L Bhyrappa was a professor at Hubli college, Sardar Patel University of Gujarat. NCERT Delhi. and the Regional College of Education, Mysore from where he retired in 1991.
Bhyrappa has two sons. Bhyrappa and his wife live in Mysore.
Bhyrappa has produced several significant novels. Starting with "Dharmashree", first published in 1961, Bhyrappa has authored twenty novels in a career spanning four decades. His major novels have generated public discussions and debates.
"Vamshavruksha, Tabbaliyu Neenade Magane", "Matadana" and "Nayi Neralu" have been made into movies and have bagged major awards. "Vamshavruksha" has received Kannada Sahitya Academy Award in 1966 and "Daatu" (Crossing Over) has received both Kannada and Kendra Sahitya Academy awards in 1975. cite web|url=http://www.sahitya-akademi.org/sahitya-akademi/awa10307.htm#kannada|title=Sahitya Akademi Awards 1955-2005|work=Online Webpage of Sahitya Academy|publisher=Sahitya Academy of India|accessdate=2007-06-23 ] "Parva" has been the most discussed and applauded among all of his novels. It narrates the social structure, values and the mystery of mortality in the epoch of Mahabharata very effectively. Bhyrappa reconstructed Mahabharatha from sociological and anthropological angle, through metaphors in this novel. cite web|url=http://www.hindu.com/2007/02/10/stories/2007021002030200.htm|title= Bhyrappa to receive Deraje Award|work=Online Webpage of The Hindu|publisher=The Hindu|accessdate=2007-07-10 ]
In addition to novels, Bhyrappa has written tomes pertaining to literature and philosophy such as "Sahitya mattu prateeka", "Kate mattu katavastu" and "Naneke bareyuttene?".
Bhyrappa's novels have been translated into most Indian languages and English. cite web|url=http://www.indiaclub.com/shop/AuthorSelect.asp?Author=S+L+Bhyrappa|title=S L Bhyrappa|work=Online Webpage of India book club|publisher=The India Club|accessdate=2007-06-23 ] Bhyrappa has been the top selling author in Kannada for past 25 years and past 8 years in Marathi. He has also been among the top five best selling authors in Hindi. cite web|url=http://www.mysoredasara.com/html/personalities.htm|title=Personalities of Mysore
work=Online Webpage of Dasara Committee|publisher=Mysore city corporation|accessdate=2007-06-22 ]
Most of his novels have gone for several reprints. His latest novel Aavarana was sold out even before its release in February 2007. The novel went on to create a record in Indian literary world by witnessing 10 reprints within five months of its release. cite web|url=http://www.deccanherald.com/Content/Jun112007/state200706116783.asp|title=Bhyrappas work speaks volumes; goes for 10th edition|work=Online Webpage of Deccan Herald|publisher=Deccan Herald|accessdate=2007-06-23 ]
Being a popular novelist, he is facing pressure from various publication houses to give publication rights to them.Fact|date=June 2008 But still his novels are published by "Saahitya Bhandaara" located in "Balepete" in old Bangalore. They have published all his novels starting from "Dharmashree" to latest controversial hit "Aavarana ".
Bhyrappa was the center of controversies in certain quarters because of his selection of themes and also because of his stands. Most of Bhyrappa's prominent novels ("Vamshavruksha, Tabbaliyu Neenaade Magane, Parva," and "Saartha") have strong roots in ancient Indian philosophical tradition, a fact which invited severe criticism initially from the Navya writers and from others later.
Bhyrappa supported N. R. Narayana Murthy when the latter was criticized by media and public regarding the controversy concerning playing instrumental version of national anthem. He also backed N. R. Narayana Murthy regarding Kaveri issue saying riots and protests are not going to solve the issue. cite web|url=http://www.deccanherald.com/Archives/apr122007/state216162007412.asp|title= I stand by NRN: Bhyrappa|work=Online Webpage of Deccan Herald|publisher=Deccan Herald|accessdate=2007-06-22 ]
Bhyrappa had a debate with Girish Karnad in Vijaya Karnataka regarding religious tolerance of Tipu Sultan. Bhyrappa accused Karnad of being untruthful in giving a factual account of Tipu Sultan in his plays. Bhyrappa claimed that Tipu Sultan was a religious fanatic who wouldn't stand Hindus in his court.
Dr. U.R. Ananthamurthy was an early and prominent critic of Bhyrappa's novels. Bhyrappa has documented his debate with Ananthamurthy in "Bhitti", as well as in a few essays in "Naaneke Bareyuttene". Recently Bhyrappa's latest novel "Avarana", which Bhyrappa claims as historical truths about what Islamic rule have done to Indian social/cultural life, has stirred a major controversy in Karnataka. There has been accusations that Bhyrappa is a Hindu fundamentalist who wants to divide society on the basis of history. cite web|url=http://www.hindu.com/fr/2007/06/08/stories/2007060852190300.htm|title= Masks of untruth|work=Online Webpage of The Hindu|publisher=The Hindu|accessdate=2007-06-22 ] Dr. U.R. Ananthamurthy, another big name in Kannada literature has criticised Bhyrappa and his works, terming "Aavarana " as dangerous. He said that Bhyrappa was a debater who "doesn’t know what Hindu religion stands for". [ [http://www.deccanherald.com/Content/May282007/state200705274057.asp Bhyrappa a debater, not a story-teller, says URA ] Deccan Herald - May 28, 2007 ] However Bhyrappa claims that the novel was result of his search for truth and there was no ulterior motive behind the novel. He urges critics to study the reference books mentioned in the novel before jumping to any conclusion. cite web|url=http://www.hindu.com/2007/06/05/stories/2007060507210300.htm|title= Bhyrappa hits out at critics|work=Online Webpage of The Hindu|publisher=The Hindu|accessdate=2007-06-22 ]
* Pampa Award in 2005. cite web|url=http://www.hindu.com/2006/01/21/stories/2006012110160300.htm|title= Change education system to protect literature: Bhyrappa|work=Online Webpage of The Hindu|publisher=The Hindu|accessdate=2007-06-22 ]
* Sahitya Academy award in 1975.
* Kannada Sahitya Academy award in 1966.
* NTR National literary award in 2007. cite web|url=http://www.hindu.com/2007/05/29/stories/2007052918870300.htm|title= T Bhyrappa given NTR literary award|work=Online Webpage of The Hindu|publisher=The Hindu|accessdate=2007-06-22 ]
* Honorary Doctorate from Gulbarga University in 2007.
Bhyrappa was elected as the president of Kannada Sahitya Sammelana held in Kanakapura in 1999.
* Dharmashree (1961)
* Doora saridaru (1962)
* Matadaana (1965)
* Vamshavraksha (1965)
* Jalapaata (1967)
* Naayi Neralu (1968) -
* Tabbaliyu neenaade magane (1968)
* Gruhabhanga (1970)
* Nirakarana (1971)
* Grahana (1972)
* Daatu (1973)
* Anweshane (1976)
* Nele (1983)
* Saakshi (1986)
* Anchu (1990)
* Tantu (1993)
* Saartha (1998)
* Mandra (2001)
* Bheemakaaya (2004/2005)
* Aavarana (2007)
* Satya mattu Soundarya (1966) (Doctoral thesis)
* Saahitya mattu Prateeka (1967)
* Kathe mattu Kathavastu (1969)
* Naaneke Bareyuttene? (1980)
Bhyrappa's works translated to other languages
* Dharmashree. Sanskrit. Marathi
* Vamshavruksha. Telugu. Marathi, Hindi. Urdu. English
* Nayi-Neralu. Gujarati. Hindi
* Tabbaliyu Neenade Magane. Hindi
* Gruhabhanga. All 14 languages of India
* Nirakarana. Hindi
* Datu. All 14 languages of India, English
* Anveshana. Marathi, Hindi
* Parva. Telugu, Marathi, Hindi, Bengali. Tamil. English
* Nele. Hindi
* Sakshi. Hindi, English
* Anchu. Marathi, Hindi
* Tantu. Marathi, Hindi
* Sartha. Sanskrit, Marathi]. Hindi, English
* Naneke Bareyuttene. Marathi
* Satya mattu Soundarya. English]
* Bhitti. Marathi, Hindi
Bhyrappa's novels on screen
* Vamshavruksha (1972)
* Tabbaliyu Neenade Magane (1977)
* Matadana (2001)
* Nayi-Neralu (2006)
* Daatu (Hindi)
* Kannada literature
* "Bhitti" (Wall) by S.L. Bhyrappa, an autobiography
* "Naaneke Bareyuttene" by S.L. Bhyrappa, a collection of essays about writing
* "S. L. Bhyrappa Badaku-Baraha" by Nagaraj Neeragunda on S.L. Bhyrappa's life and works
External links and Further Reading
* [http://churumuri.wordpress.com/2007/06/08/churumuri-exclusive-sl-bhyrappa Interview with Bhyrappa on Churumuri ]
* [http://prajavani.net/jan112006/4075920060111.php Pampa Award to Bhyrappa in 2001 ]
* Belagere Krishnashastri. "Mareyaladeete", for a warm hearted interpretation of the author's experiences with Bhyrappa.
* "Bhyrappabhinandana", a feliciation book on S.L. Bhyrappa
* "S.L. Bhyrappa Avara Krutigala Vimarshe" a collection of literary criticism on S.L.Bhyrappa's works compiled by Sumateendra Nadig
* "Mandra-Manthana," a collection of essays about S.L. Bhyrappa's novel, "Mandra," by various literary critics
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Parva (novel) — Infobox Book | name = Parva image caption = author = S L Bhyrappa country = India language = Kannada genre = Novel publisher = Sahitya Bhandara, Bangalore release date = 1979 media type = Print (Paperback Hardback) preceded by = Anweshane (1976)… … Wikipedia
Naayi Neralu — Directed by Girish Kasaravalli Produced by Basantkumar Patil Abhishek Patil Starring Pavitra Lokesh Rameshwari Varma Sringeri Ramanna Ashwin Bolar Ananya Kasaravalli … Wikipedia
Saraswati Samman — The Saraswati Samman (सरस्वती सम्मान) is an annual award for outstanding prose or poetry literary works in any Indian language listed in Schedule VIII of the Constitution of India. It is named after an Indian goddess of learning and is considered … Wikipedia
Kannada literature — is the body of literature of Kannada, a Dravidian language spoken mainly in the Indian state of Karnataka and written in the Kannada script. [Krishnamurti (2003), p. 78; Steever (1998), p. 129, 131.] The literature, which has a continuous… … Wikipedia
Grihabhanga — CreditsLanguage. KannadaStory. S.L. BhyrappaDirector. Girish Kasaravalli Title Song and MusicMusic. C. Aswath Lyrics :Dodda Range GowdaPlayback:Smt.Ratnamala PrakashPrincipal cast*Malavika Avinash *Lakshmi Chandrashekar *Shivaram *Lohitashva… … Wikipedia
Aavarana — (Kannada:ಆವರಣ) is a 2007 Kannada novel by one of the eminent novelist S. L. Bhyrappa. Aavarana means enveloping or covering something. This novel deals with the historical character like Mogul Emperor Aurangazeb. Aavarana was sold out even before … Wikipedia
Mahabharata — This article is about the Sanskrit epic. For other uses, see Mahabharata (disambiguation). Manuscript illustration of the Battle of Kurukshetra … Wikipedia
Mahābhārata — The IAST|Mahābhārata (Devanāgarī: sa. महाभारत) is one of the two major Sanskrit epics of ancient India, the other being the IAST|Rāmāyaṇa. The epic is part of the Hindu itihāsa. the word in itself literally means history. and forms an… … Wikipedia
1. S L Bhyrappa – Bhyrappa is widely regarded as one of modern India's foremost novelists. His novels are unique in terms of characterization. He has been among the top selling authors of Kannada language. Books written by him and translated to Hindi and Marathi have also been top sellers in the past. He has been awarded with the 20th Saraswati Samman for 2010. His major works have been the center of several heated public debates and controversies. In March 2015, Bhyrappa was awarded the Sahitya Akademi Fellowship. The Government of India awarded him the civilian honour of the Padma Shri in 2016. S L Bhyrappa was born at Santeshivara, a village in the Channarayapatna taluk of Hassan district, about 162 km from Bangalore. He lost his mother and brothers to Bubonic plague early in childhood and took on odd jobs and even to begging to pay for his education. During his childhood he was influenced by the writer Gorur Ramaswamy Iyengar. Bhyrappa briefly participated in the Indian freedom struggle when he was thirteen. Bhyrappa completed his primary education in Channarayapatna taluk before moving to Mysore where he completed the rest of his education. Bhitti records a break in his high education. Bhyrappa impulsively wandered with him.
2. India – India, officially the Republic of India, is a country in South Asia. It is the most populous democracy in the world. It is bounded on the southeast. It shares land borders with Pakistan to the west; China, Nepal, Bhutan to the northeast; and Myanmar and Bangladesh to the east. In the Indian Ocean, India is in the vicinity of Sri Lanka and the Maldives. India's Andaman and Nicobar Islands share a maritime border with Thailand and Indonesia. Its capital is New Delhi; other metropolises include Mumbai, Kolkata, Chennai, Bangalore, Hyderabad and Ahmedabad. In 2016, the Indian economy was the world's sixth-largest by nominal GDP and third-largest by purchasing parity. Following economic reforms in 1991, India became one of the fastest-growing major economies and is considered a newly industrialised country. However, it continues to face the challenges of poverty, corruption, inadequate public healthcare. It has the third largest standing army in the world and ranks sixth in military expenditure among nations. India is a constitutional republic governed under a parliamentary system and consists of 29 states and 7 union territories. It is also home to a diversity of wildlife in a variety of protected habitats. The name India is derived from Indus, which originates from the Old Persian word Hindu. The latter term stems from the Sanskrit Sindhu, the historical local appellation for the Indus River.
India – Flag
India – The granite tower of Brihadeeswarar Temple in Thanjavur was completed in 1010 CE by Raja Raja Chola I.
India – Writing the will and testament of the Mughal king court in Persian, 1590–1595
3. Kannada – The language has roughly million native speakers who are called Kannadigas, a total of 50.8 million speakers according to a 2001 census. It is one of the official and administrative language of the state of Karnataka. The Kannada language is written using the Kannada script, which evolved from the 5th-century Kadamba script. Kannada has an literary history of over a thousand years. Kannada is a Southern Dravidian language, according to Dravidian scholar Sanford B. Kannada is influenced to an appreciable extent by Sanskrit. Influences of other languages such as Prakrit and Pali can also be found in the Kannada language. Literary Prakrit seems to have prevailed since ancient times. The Prakrit-speaking people may have come into contact with Kannada speakers, thus influencing their language, even before Kannada was used for administrative or liturgical purposes. Kannada phonetics, morphology, vocabulary, syntax show significant influence from these languages. Some examples of naturalised words of Prakrit origin in Kannada are: baṇṇa derived from vaṇṇa, hunnime from puṇṇivā. Examples of naturalized Sanskrit words in Kannada are: varṇa, arasu from rajan, rāya from rāja. Kannada has numerous borrowed words such as dina, kopa, surya, mukha, anna. The Ashoka edict found at Brahmagiri has been suggested to contain words in identifiable Kannada. This would show a far more intimate contact of the Greeks than with Indian culture elsewhere.
Kannada – The Halmidi inscription at Halmidi village, in old-Kannada, is usually dated to AD 450 (Kadamba Dynasty)
Kannada – Distribution of native Kannada speakers in India
Kannada – Old-Kannada inscription dated AD 578 (Badami Chalukya dynasty) at Badami cave temple no.3
Kannada – Old-Kannada inscription of c. AD 726, discovered in Talakad, from the rule of King Shivamara I or Sripurusha (Western Ganga Dynasty)
4. Indian Caste System – It consists of two different concepts, varna and jāti, which may be regarded as different levels of analysis of this system. Varna may be translated as "class," and refers to the four social classes which existed in the Vedic society, namely Brahmins, Kshatriyas, Vaishyas and Shudras. Certain groups, now known as Dalits, were historically excluded from the varna system altogether, are still ostracised as untouchables. Jāti may be translated as caste, refers to birth. The names of jātis are usually derived from occupations, considered to be hereditary and endogamous, but this may not always have been the case. The jātis developed in post-Vedic times, possibly from crystallisation of guilds during its feudal era. Each of the thousands of jātis are often thought of as belonging to one of the four varnas. The varnas and jatis have pre-modern origins, social stratification may already have existed in pre-Vedic times. Between c. 2200 BC and AD 100, admixture between northern and southern populations in India took place, after which a shift to endogamy took place. The British Raj furthered this development, making rigid caste organisation a central mechanism of administration. Between 1860 and 1920, the British segregated Indians by caste, granting administrative jobs and senior appointments only to the upper castes. Social unrest during the 1920s led to a change in this policy. From then on, the colonial administration began a policy of positive discrimination by reserving a certain percentage of government jobs for the lower castes. Caste-based differences have also been practised in other regions and religions in the Indian subcontinent like Nepalese Buddhism, Christianity, Islam, Judaism and Sikhism. It has been challenged by many reformist Hindu movements, Islam, Sikhism, Christianity, also by present-day Indian Buddhism.
Indian Caste System – Gandhi visiting Madras (now Chennai) in 1933 on an India-wide tour for Harijan causes. His speeches during such tours and writings discussed the discriminated-against castes of India.
Indian Caste System – Hindu musician
5. Hardcover – A hardcover or hardback book is one bound with rigid protective covers. It has a sewn spine which allows the book to lie flat on a surface when opened. Following the ISBN sequence numbers, books of this type may be identified by the Hbk. Hardcover books are much more durable than paperbacks, which have flexible, easily damaged paper covers. Hardcover books are marginally more costly to manufacture. If brisk sales are anticipated, a edition of a book is typically released first, followed by a "trade" paperback edition the next year. Some publishers publish paperback originals if slow hardback sales are anticipated. It is very unusual for a book, first published in paperback to be followed by a hardback. Hardcover books are usually sold at higher prices than comparable paperbacks. Hardcovers typically consist of a page block, a cloth or heavy paper covering. It too is covered by the cloth. Dust jacket, is usually put over the binding, folding over each horizontal end of the boards. On flap, over the front cover is generally a blurb, or a summary of the book. The back flap is where the biography of the author can be found. Reviews are often placed on the back of the jacket.
Hardcover – An example of the modern hardcover book with dust jacket: The first edition of William Faulkner 's 1929 novel The Sound and the Fury
Hardcover – Old hardcover books at the Merton College library.
6. International Standard Book Number – The International Standard Book Number is a unique numeric commercial book identifier. An ISBN is assigned to each variation of a book. For example, an e-book, a hardcover edition of the same book would each have a different ISBN. The ISBN is 13 digits long if assigned after 1 January 2007, 10 digits long if assigned before 2007. The method of assigning an ISBN varies from country to country, often depending on how large the publishing industry is within a country. The initial ISBN configuration of recognition was generated based upon the 9-digit Standard Book Numbering created in 1966. The 10-digit ISBN format was published in 1970 as international standard ISO 2108. The International Standard Serial Number, identifies periodical publications such as magazines; and the International Standard Music Number covers for musical scores. The ISBN configuration of recognition was generated in 1967 in the United Kingdom by Emery Koltay. The 10-digit ISBN format was published as international standard ISO 2108. The United Kingdom continued to use the 9-digit SBN code until 1974. The ISO on-line facility only refers back to 1978. An SBN may be converted by prefixing the digit "0". This can be converted to ISBN 0-340-01381-8; the digit does not need to be re-calculated. Since 1 ISBNs have contained 13 digits, a format, compatible with "Bookland" European Article Number EAN-13s.
International Standard Book Number – A 13-digit ISBN, 978-3-16-148410-0, as represented by an EAN-13 bar code
7. Sahitya Akademi – The Sahitya Akademi, India's National Academy of Letters, is an organisation dedicated to the promotion of literature in the languages of India. Founded on 12 March 1954, it is supported by, though independent of, the Indian government and situated at Rabindra Bhavan near Mandi House in Delhi. The Sahitya Akademi Library is one of the largest multi-lingual libraries in India, with a rich collection of books on literature and allied subjects. Also it publishes two bimonthly literary journals - Indian Literature in English and Samkaleen Bharatiya Sahitya in Hindi. It was formally inaugurated on March 12, 1954. It initially was subsequently registered under 1860. The constitution of the Sahitya Akademi provides that it shall be run by three authorities - a General Council, an Executive Board, a Finance Committee. The General Council is empowered to elect a President and Vice-President, from a panel of three candidates chosen by the Executive Board. The General Council of the Sahitya Akademi operates for a term of five years, following which it is reconstituted. The General Council consists of the following members: The President and the Financial Advisor. The current President of the Sahitya Akademi is Dr. Vishwanath Prasad Tiwari. The Executive Board of the Sahitya Akademi exercises executive authority and is responsible for supervising and controlling the Akademi's work. It prepares panels of nominees for the General Council to select fellows. The accounts of the Sahitya Akademi are audited by the Auditor General of India. The Sahitya Akademi publishes several regular publications, in addition to its bi-monthly journal, Indian Literature.
Sahitya Akademi – Rabindra Bhawan, Delhi which houses the Sangeet Natak Akademi, Lalit Kala Akademi and Sahitya Akademi.